Effects of Ambient Conditions on Fuel Cell Vehicle Performance
2005 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, E-ISSN 1873-2755, Vol. 145, no 2, 298-306 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ambient conditions have considerable impact on the performance of fuel cell hybrid vehicles. Here, the vehicle fuel consumption, the air compressor power demand, the water management system and the heat loads of a fuel cell hybrid sport utility vehicle (SUV) were studied. The simulation results show that the vehicle fuel consumption increases with 10% when the altitude increases from 0 m up to 3000 m to 4.1 L gasoline equivalents/100 km over the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC). The increase is 19% on the more power demanding highway US06 cycle. The air compressor is the major contributor to this fuel consumption increase. Its load-following strategy makes its power demand increase with increasing altitude. Almost 40% of the net power output of the fuel cell system is consumed by the air compressor at the altitude of 3000 m with this load-following strategy and is thus more apparent in the high-power US06 cycle.
Changes in ambient air temperature and relative humidity effect on the fuel cell system performance in terms of the water management rather in vehicle fuel consumption. Ambient air temperature and relative humidity have some impact on the vehicle performance mostly seen in the heat and water management of the fuel cell system. While the heat loads of the fuel cell system components vary significantly with increasing ambient temperature, the relative humidity did not have a great impact on the water balance. Overall, dimensioning the compressor and other system components to meet the fuel cell system requirements at the minimum and maximum expected ambient temperatures, in this case 5 and 40 degrees C, and high altitude, while simultaneously choosing a correct control strategy are important parameters for efficient vehicle power train management.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 145, no 2, 298-306 p.
proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell system, fuel cell hybrid vehicle, performance, ambient conditions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4990DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.12.080ISI: 000231893300030ScopusID: 2-s2.0-23844493581OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4990DiVA: diva2:7357
QC 201010202005-03-072005-03-072016-05-18Bibliographically approved