Gasification characteristics of steam exploded biomass in an updraft pilot scale gasifier
2014 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, Vol. 71, 496-506 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pretreatment of biomass becomes more and more important due to the large scale application of biomass having low energy density. In this paper, steam exploded biomass pellets (Black pellets) and unpretreated biomass pellets (Gray pellets) were gasified with air and steam at an updraft HTAG (High Temperature Agent Gasification) unit. Decomposition characteristics of pellets were first analyzed with TGA (thermo gravimetric analysis). Early decomposition of hemicellulose and cellulose were seen with Black pellets around 241 degrees C and 367 degrees C respectively. Introducing CO2 led comparatively high mass loss rate with Black pellets. Gasification of Black pellets resulted in syngas with high CO and hydrocarbon contents while Gasification of Gray pellets resulted in high H-2 content of syngas. LHV (lower heating value) of syngas was high around 7.3 MJ/Nm(3) and 10.6 MJ/Nm(3) with air gasification and steam gasification respectively. Even with significantly low syngas temperature with gasification of Black pellets, only slightly high total tar content was seen compared to that of Gray pellets gasification. Phenolic compounds dominated the tar composition. In general, steam gasification of Black pellets seems to be more feasible if syngas with high energy value is desired. If higher H-2 yield is preferred, gasification of unpretreated pellets likely to be more attractive.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 71, 496-506 p.
Gasification, Steam explosion pretreatment, TGA (thermo gravimetric analysis)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148349DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2014.04.100ISI: 000338388000044ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84902553880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-148349DiVA: diva2:736212
FunderEU, European Research Council
QC 201408052014-08-052014-08-052016-08-25Bibliographically approved