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Informal settlements in the peri-urban areas of Bahir Dar, Ethiopia: An institutional analysis
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Real Estate Planning and Land Law. Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia .
2014 (English)In: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, Vol. 43, 90-97 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Peri-urban land which has been used predominantly for agricultural purposes and held by local farmers is a target area for informal settlements in Ethiopia. An increasing number of people try to solve their housing needs by getting a plot of land informally in the transitional peri-urban areas. The purpose of this study is to explore the principal actors involved in the informal conversion of peri-urban agricultural land into urban built-up property. This study is also aimed at demonstrating the role of non-state institutions in facilitating informal acquisition and development of peri-urban plots. Both questionnaire and document analysis were the main sources of data for this study. The result of this study indicated that traditional social institutions played a significant role in processing peri-urban informal settlements and stabilizing land related conflicts by social sanction measures. The study has also found out that the process of acquiring a plot of land from peri-urban areas passes through its own stages which mainly start with identifying a plot for sale and ends with the confirmation of traditional letter of agreement signed by transacting parties without legal ground to do so.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 43, 90-97 p.
Keyword [en]
Informal settlement, Land transaction, Peri-urban land, Social institutions
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148367DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2014.01.014ISI: 000337775300010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896497684OAI: diva2:736338

QC 20140806

Available from: 2014-08-06 Created: 2014-08-05 Last updated: 2015-01-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Peri-Urban Land Tenure in Ethiopia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peri-Urban Land Tenure in Ethiopia
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Urban areas in Ethiopia have been growing very quickly in recent decades, which haveled to ever increasing demand for land in peri-urban areas for housing and other nonagriculturalactivities. This has had several transformative impacts on the transitionalperi-urban, areas including engulfment of local communities and conversion of landrights and use from an agricultural to a built-up property rights system. Peri-urban areasalso display all forms of competition for land among people of diverse backgrounds.Research on the challenges of urbanization in peri-urban land tenure system and theongoing changes in Ethiopia is limited, and the situations and actors interested in periurbanland are constantly changing. Therefore, the purpose of this research is toinvestigate the challenges imposed on peri-urban land rights as a result of the growingdemand for land for urbanization. The project also encompasses an attempt to discoverthe process of informal transaction and development of peri-urban land and the principalactors involved.

The study comprises a summary essay and four articles which were conducted using casestudy and desk review research approaches. Following the case study tradition, acombination of different data collection instruments such as questionnaires, FGDs, keyinformant interviews (both structured and open-ended) and direct field observations wasemployed to collect research data from the case study areas. Bahir Dar CityAdministration was selected purposively as case study area at the first stage and two periurbanvillages, Weramit and Zenzelima, were selected from Bahir Dar CityAdministration at the second stage of the case study area selection process.

The research has revealed that urbanization and urban development in Ethiopia areaccompanied by contentious land tenure changes which favor the urbanities above localperi-urban communities. As a result, urbanization has precipitated a wave ofdispossession and proliferation of informal settlements in peri-urban areas. Thus,addressing the challenges of urbanization and its effect on the land rights of local periurbancommunities requires the introduction of an inclusive and participatory landdevelopment tool like land readjustment, which can encourage voluntary contribution ofland for urbanization by the local peri-urban landholders themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. x, 66 p.
, TRITA-FOB-PHD, 2015:01
Ethiopia, formal, informal, land tenure, peri-urban, peri-urbanization
National Category
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-158050 (URN)978-91-85783-43-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-02-27, Sal F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 13:15 (English)

QC 20150114

Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2015-01-14Bibliographically approved

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