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Biomechanical Properties of the Thoracic Aneurysmal Wall: Differences Between Bicuspid Aortic Valve and Tricuspid Aortic Valve Patients
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics, Biomechanics.
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2014 (English)In: Annals of Thoracic Surgery, ISSN 0003-4975, Vol. 98, no 1, 65-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. The prevalence for thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) is significantly increased in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) compared with patients who have a normal tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). TAA rupture is a life-threatening event, and biomechanics-based simulations of the aorta may help to disentangle the molecular mechanism behind its development and progression. The present study used polarized microscopy and macroscopic in vitro tensile testing to explore collagen organization and mechanical properties of TAA wall specimens from BAV and TAV patients. Methods. Circumferential sections of aneurysmal aortic tissue from BAV and TAV patients were obtained during elective operations. The distribution of collagen orientation was captured by a Bingham distribution, and finite element models were used to estimate constitutive model parameters from experimental load-displacement curves. Results. Collagen orientation was almost identical in BAV and TAV patients, with a highest probability of alignment along the circumferential direction. The strength was almost two times higher in BAV samples (0.834 MPa) than in TAV samples (0.443 MPa; p < 0.001). The collagen-related stiffness (C-f) was significantly increased in BAV compared with TAV patients (C-f = 7.45 MPa vs 3.40 MPa; p = 0.003), whereas the elastin-related stiffness was similar in both groups. A trend toward a decreased wall thickness was seen in BAV patients (p = 0.058). Conclusions. The aneurysmal aortas of BAV patients show a higher macroscopic strength, mainly due to an increased collagen-related stiffness, compared with TAV patients. The increased wall stiffness in BAV patients may contribute to the higher prevalence for TAAs in this group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 98, no 1, 65-71 p.
Keyword [en]
Soft Biological Tissue, Constitutive Model, Tensile-Strength, Collagen, Mechanisms, Stiffness, Disease, Fibers
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Surgery
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148355DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.04.042ISI: 000338432600023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84903895760OAI: diva2:736524
Swedish Research Council, 2007-4514, K2012-64X-12660-15-5Swedish Heart Lung Foundation

QC 20140807

Available from: 2014-08-07 Created: 2014-08-05 Last updated: 2014-08-07Bibliographically approved

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Forsell, CarolineGasser, T. Christian
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