Sequential Studies of Silver Released from Silver Nanoparticles in Aqueous Media Simulating Sweat, Laundry Detergent Solutions and Surface Water
2014 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 48, no 13, 7314-7322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
From an increased use of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) as an antibacterial in consumer products follows a need to assess the environmental interaction and fate of their possible dispersion and release of silver. This study aims to elucidate an exposure scenario of the Ag NPs potentially released from, for example, impregnated clothing by assessing the release of silver and changes in particle properties in sequential contact with synthetic sweat, laundry detergent solutions, and freshwater, simulating a possible transport path through different aquatic media. The release of ionic silver is addressed from a water chemical perspective, compared with important particle and surface characteristics. Released amounts of silver in the sequential exposures were significantly lower, approximately a factor of 2, than the sum of each separate exposure. Particle characteristics such as speciation (both of Ag ionic species and at the Ag NP surface) influenced the release of soluble silver species present on the surface, thereby increasing the total silver release in the separate exposures compared with sequential immersions. The particle stability had no drastic impact on the silver release as most of the Ag NPs were unstable in solution. The silver release was also influenced by a lower pH (increased release of silver), and cotransported zeolites (reduced silver in solution).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 48, no 13, 7314-7322 p.
Ion Release, Environmental Transformations, Toxicity, Charge, Nanomaterials, Dissolution, Nanosilver, Scattering, Particles, Stability
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148617DOI: 10.1021/es500234yISI: 000338488700017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84903720327OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-148617DiVA: diva2:736997
QC 201408112014-08-112014-08-112014-08-11Bibliographically approved