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Effect of thiophene in bithiazole-bridged sensitizers on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6508-8355
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2014 (English)In: Nano, ISSN 1793-2920, Vol. 9, no 5, 1440009- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we have designed and synthesized four bithiazole-bridged sensitizers (BT-T2, TBT-T2, BT-T3 and TBT-T3) with triphenylamine and indoline as the donor segment and applied them to dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). For triphenylamine-based sensitizers as BT-T2 and TBT-T2, adding one thiophene unit between triphenylamine donor and bithiazole moiety not only led to bathochromic shift of the maximum absorption and increase of molar extinction coefficient, but also enhanced the photovoltaic conversion efficiency from 7.12% of BT-T2 to 7.51% of TBT-T2. But for indoline-based sensitizers as BT-T3 and TBT-T3, adding one thiophene unit between indoline donor and bithiazole moiety resulted in hypochromatic shift instead of bathochromic shift. We employed the density functional theory (DFT) calculations to further investigate the influence of the thiophene unit on their optical and electronic properties and photovoltaic performance of corresponding DSSC devices. Given the results, a reasonable explanation is the introduction of thiophene unit suppressed the intramolecular charge transfer and charge separation in the conjugation system of indoline-based sensitizer, which led to the hypochromatic shift of the maximum absorption wavelength and finally the low J(sc). Since the J(sc) dropped sharply from 15.26mAcm(-2) to 4.52mAcm(-2), the photovoltaic conversion efficiency decreased dramatically from 7.86% to 1.93%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 5, 1440009- p.
Keyword [en]
Bithiazole-bridged sensitizers, thiophene, triphenylamine, indoline, dye-sensitized solar cells
National Category
Nano Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148623DOI: 10.1142/S1793292014400098ISI: 000339000700009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84903993628OAI: diva2:737271

QC 20140812

Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2014-08-12Bibliographically approved

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Li, XinÅgren, Hans
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