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The concept of functional surfaces as carriers of interactive properties
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.).
2005 (English)In: Proceedings ICED 05: the 15th International Conference on Engineering Design, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The perceived use and attractiveness of a product relies on its subjective understanding by one or several human being(s) to a great extent. The attractiveness of a product depends strongly on its aesthetic appearance and how we perceive the whole product and its external aesthetic and ergonomic features with all our senses in relation to the performance we, for some reason, expect from the product. Fulfillment of the technical functional requirements and the cost constraints is often seen as an obvious prerequisite for an attractive product but it is not seen as the differentiator among competing product. It is increasingly important that the product also have distinctive interactive properties of a semiotic, ergonomic and/or aesthetic nature that distinguish the product from other products on the market. Consequently, development of many types of products benefits from an integrated and holistic treatment of both the technical and the interactive product aspects. The fact that products are designed by someone to be perceived by someone else makes treatment of ergonomic and aesthetic requirements and implementations quite complicated and even fuzzy. A significant challenge to design research is to find ways to represent the "hard" technical requirements and the more "soft" interactive requirements, the implementations of the technical and the interactive properties, and the relations between these types of requirements and properties. This paper presents a model-based approach that addresses this challenge. Interactive and technical functional surfaces and how they fit into a general modeling principle of technical systems are elaborated on. The general modeling principle includes both technical and interactive interface models. This paper, furthermore, presents an integrated matrix-based representation of the technical and interactive properties of a technical product and relates these properties to the stated customer requirements. The presented approach is exemplified with a recent design project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
, Proceedings ICED, Volume DS 35
Keyword [en]
Functional surface, Interactive function, Interface, Model structure matrix
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148546ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84862621017ISBN: 978-085825788-7OAI: diva2:737865
15th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 05; Melbourne, VIC, Australia, 15-18 August, 2005

QC 20140814

Available from: 2014-08-14 Created: 2014-08-08 Last updated: 2014-08-14Bibliographically approved

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