PIV Study of Ventilation Quality in Certain Occupied Regions of a Two-Dimensional Room Model with Rapidly Varying Flow Rates
2013 (English)In: The International Journal of Ventilation, ISSN 1473-3315, Vol. 12, no 2, 187-194 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The use of supply jet flows is the most common type of air distribution for general ventilation. Usually the supply flow rate is constant or slowly varying (VAV-systems) to cope with a varying load. A novel air distribution method, with the potential to reduce stagnation and to increase the ventilation efficiency, is to introduce rapid flow variations (pulsations). This paper reports on a fundamental study of this type of air distribution. The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of flow variations on stagnant zones and the levels of the turbulent kinetic energy and the relative turbulence intensity. A small scale room model is used that consists of an enclosure with a ventilation supply at the bottom and an extract at the top of the opposite wall. Water was used as an operating fluid and the model had a design which mainly generated a two-dimensional flow. The size of the model made it possible to investigate the two-dimensional velocity vector field using the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) method in regions corresponding to occupied regions. Further post processing was conducted from the resulting vector fields. The comparison between cases of constant inflow and pulsated inflow (flow variations with frequency of 0.5 Hz) was conducted for three domains: two belonging to the far-field occupied zone and one belonging to the near-field, downstream of the supply wall jet.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Veetech Ltd , 2013. Vol. 12, no 2, 187-194 p.
PIV, ventilation, varying flow rate, flow pulsation, room model
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject Civil and Architectural Engineering; Energy Technology; Engineering Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-149299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-149299DiVA: diva2:738865
QC 201408262014-08-192014-08-192015-05-25Bibliographically approved