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Investigation of the performance of individual sorption components of a novel thermally driven heat pump for solar applications
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

An enhanced-modularity thermally driven chemical heat pump was conceptualised as a second generation product for various heating and cooling applications with special emphasis on solar applications. The typical characteristics of the absorption heat pump were studied and the key performance parameters were selected for further investigation. An experimental test rig was constructed to allow for the testing of each component’s performance characteristics with special attention being paid to the ability to interchange components to test various configurations as well as to the facilitation of standardised relatively rapid testing. The heat transfer coefficient of the condenser/evaporator was found to be between 260 and 300 W/m2-°C during evaporation and between 130 and 170 W/m2-°C during condensation. Salt type has major impact on the system’s cooling power and cooling energy with the LiBr and water sorption pair having a 62% higher cooling/heating power than LiCl with the same matrix type and thickness. Matrix types and sorption pairs were compared with regards to the principal parameters of power and energy density with results ranging from 60 to 163 Wh/litre. The final section of the study tackled the theoretical foundation behind the system processes with modelling and simulation of the processes and comparison with the experimental data. The model makes the foundation of the continuous development of a more detailed and accurate physical model to enhance the design and optimisation process of the system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 85 p.
Keyword [en]
Absorption, Sorption, Air Conditioning, Solar Energy, Solar Cooling, Thermally Driven Cooling, COMSOL
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-149877OAI: diva2:741398
Subject / course
Refrigerating Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering
2012-05-11, 15:30 (English)
Available from: 2014-09-24 Created: 2014-08-27 Last updated: 2014-09-24Bibliographically approved

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Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration
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