Integration of a wood pellet burner and a Stirling engine to produce residential heat and power
2014 (English)In: Applied Thermal Engineering, ISSN 1359-4311, E-ISSN 1873-5606, Vol. 73, no 1, 669-678 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The integration a Stirling engine with a pellet burner is a promising alternative to produce heat and power for residential use. In this context, this study is focused on the experimental evaluation of the integration of a 20 kWth wood pellet burner and a 1 kWe Stirling engine. The thermal power not absorbed by the engine is used to produce hot water. The evaluation highlights the effects of pellet type, combustion chamber length and cycling operation on the Stirling engine temperatures and thermal power absorbed. The results show that the position of the Stirling engine is highly relevant in order to utilize as much as possible of the radiative heat from the burner. Within this study, only a 5 cm distance change between the Stirling engine and the pellet burner could result in an increase of almost 100 °C in the hot side of the engine. However, at a larger distance, the temperature of the hot side is almost unchanged suggesting dominating convective heat transfer from the hot flue gas. Ash accumulation decreases the temperature of the hot side of the engine after some cycles of operation when a commercial pellet burner is integrated. The temperature ratio, which is the relation between the minimum and maximum temperatures of the engine, decreases when using Ø8 mm wood pellets in comparison to Ø6 mm pellets due to higher measured temperatures on the hot side of the engine. Therefore, the amount of heat supplied to the engine is increased for Ø8 mm wood pellets. The effectiveness of the engine regenerator is increased at higher pressures. The relation between temperature of the hot side end and thermal power absorbed by the Stirling engine is nearly linear between 500 °C and 660 °C. Higher pressure inside the Stirling engine has a positive effect on the thermal power output. Both the chemical and thermal losses increase somewhat when integrating a Stirling engine in comparison to a stand-alone boiler for only heat production. The overall efficiency of the pellets fired Stirling engine system reached 72%.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 73, no 1, 669-678 p.
Biomass, Wood pellets, Stirling engine, Micro-CHP, Polygeneration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150347DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.08.024ISI: 000346543400068ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84906831303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-150347DiVA: diva2:742482
FunderSida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
QC 201409032014-09-012014-09-012015-02-13Bibliographically approved