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Vem saknar en p-plats?: Bostadsrättsinnehavares syn på boendemiljö, egen bil, fordonspooler och mobilitetstjänster
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms).
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Environmental Strategies Research (fms). KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Centres, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Sustainable Communications, CESC.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0643-2934
2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title
Who misses a parking space? : Views of living environment, own car, vehicle pools and mobility services among holders of flats in housing associations (English)
Abstract [sv]

För att skapa en miljömässigt hållbar stad behöver människorna i den ha anledning och möjlighet att anpassa sina vardagliga vanor så att dessa i sig blir en del av den hållbara utvecklingen. I denna rapport behandlas intresset och mottagligheten för att ändra vanor som berör bilinnehav, utemiljö och parkering vid bostaden samt utnyttjandet av fordonspooler, närservice, hemleveranser och kollektivtrafik. Studien ingår i projektet Innovativ Parkering i Klimatsmarta Städer, vilket kretsar kring ett boende-, mobilitets- och parkeringskoncept som innebär delvis nya lokala möjligheter och begränsningar. Konceptet är tänkt att tillämpas för nya bostadsrätter i Stockholms så kallade närförorter (ca 5-15 km från city). Vi har undersökt acceptansen för att flytta till och bo i sådana bostadsrätter hos representanter för målgruppen. Bland representanter för gruppen kollektivresenärer och cyklister inom målgruppen visade sig inte oväntat intresset vara stort för att flytta till ett boende där det erbjuds olika typer av mobilitetslösningar i utbyte mot p-tal (antalet byggda parkeringsplatser per ny lägenhet) på låg nivå.

Cirka hälften av hushållen i Stockholms Stad bedömer vi hör till den gruppen idag. För intervjuade vanebilister visade det sig dock att osäker tillgång till parkeringsplats nära bostaden kunde vara av avgörande betydelse i valet av ny bostad. För en mer ombytlig kategori av bilister (som även använder andra färdmedel till vardags) så bedömde vi intresset för att flytta till ett boende där det finns alternativa transportlösningar som högre än bland vanebilisterna, även om det skulle innebära begränsade möjligheter att få en egen parkeringsplats. Ombytliga bilister verkar med tryck och/eller stöd från omgivningen samt egen, eller närståendes, erfarenhet vara beredda att prova fordonspool och i vissa fall göra sig av med egen bil. Sammanfattningsvis har vi genom den här rapporterade studien kunnat bedöma att det finns en tillräcklig acceptans för konceptet. Representanterna för målgruppen efterfrågar, eller är åtminstone intresserade av, grön utemiljö, begränsad biltrafik kring bostaden samt nya och fler mobilitetstjänster.

Abstract [en]

In an environmentally sustainable city urban dwellers should have reasons and opportunities to shape their daily habits so that these become part of the sustainable development. This report covers the willingness and receptivity to adopt and/or maintain habits related to car ownership, parking, the use of vehicle pools and mobility services. The study is part of the project Innovative Parking in Climate Friendly Cities, which focuses on a specific concept of housing, mobility, parking, and the outdoor green and traffic environment. The concept is designed for application in newly built condominiums in Stockholm’s so-called inner suburbs (about 5-15 km from the city). Through interviews and focus groups we investigated the interest in moving to and living in such condominiums among representatives of the target group, i.e. people who are looking to buy a flat. Not unexpectedly, representatives who mainly relied on public transport, cycling and walking showed significant interest in moving to apartments which, in exchange for a relatively low number of parking spaces per new built apartment, offered different types of mobility solutions, such as vehicle pools and home deliveries. We consider approximately half of the households in the City of Stockholm belong to this group of non-motorists today. However, uncertain access to parking near the residence was found to be deterrent for motorists. For a more versatile category of motorists (who were also using other means of transport on a daily or weekly basis) interest in moving to accommodation in line with the above concept was higher than among habitual motorists. These mixers of modes seemed susceptible to pressure and/or support from the surrounding community. We also judge that their own experience of mobility services such as membership in a car pool, or even experience among relatives or friends, would increase their propensity to try out a vehicle pool themselves. In some cases we found that the mixers would also be prepared to do away with an own car. In summary, this study has led us to conclude that there is sufficient acceptance for the concept of Innovative Parking to be tried out in real conditions, through the building of blocks of flats with mobility services in exchange for sparse parking. The representatives of the target group showed demand for, or at least interest in, a green outdoor environment, restricted traffic around the home and a broader spectrum of mobility services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , 29 p.
Series
TRITA-INFRA-FMS, ISSN 1652-5442 ; 2014:05
National Category
Ethnology
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150425ISBN: 978-91-7595-264-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-150425DiVA: diva2:744035
Projects
Innovativ parkering i klimatsmarta städer
Funder
Vinnova
Note

QC 20140910

Available from: 2014-09-05 Created: 2014-09-03 Last updated: 2014-09-11Bibliographically approved

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Henriksson, Greger

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