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ADS fuel developments in Europe: Results from the EUROTRANS integrated project
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2011 (English)In: Energy Procedia, 2011, 303-313 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fuels to be used in Accelerator Driven Systems dedicated to Minor Actinides transmutation can be described as highly innovative in comparison with those used in critical cores. Indeed, ADS fuels are not fertile, so as to improve the transmutation performance and they contain high volumetric concentrations (∼50%) of minor actinides and plutonium compounds. This unusual fuel composition results in high gamma and neutron emissions during its fabrication, as well as degraded performances under irradiation. Ceramic-Ceramic and Ceramic Metallic composite fuels consisting of particles of (Pu, MA)O2 phases dispersed in a magnesia or molybdenum matrix were investigated within the European Research programme for Transmutation, as driver fuels for a prospective 400MWth transmuter: the European Facility for Industrial Transmutation. Fuel performances and safety of preliminary core designs were evaluated to support the project. Out -of-pile as well as in-pile experiments were carried out to gain essential knowledge on properties and behaviour under irradiation of these types of fuel. This paper gives an overview of experimental results within the project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. 303-313 p.
, Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102 ; 7
Keyword [en]
ADS, Driver fuel, EUROTRANS, Minor actinides, Transmutation, Driver fuels, Minor actinide, Actinides, Ceramic materials, Industrial research, Metallic matrix composites, Metals, Molybdenum, Neutron detectors, Neutron irradiation, Piles, Plutonium, Plutonium compounds, Fuels
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150744DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2011.06.039ISI: 000298292800037ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80053167557OAI: diva2:745071
2nd International Conference on Asian Nuclear Prospects, ANUP 2010, 10 October 2010 through 13 October 2010, Mamallapuram

QC 20140909

Available from: 2014-09-09 Created: 2014-09-09 Last updated: 2014-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Wallenius, Janne
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