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Science, technology, and the niels bohr institute in occupied Denmark
2011 (English)In: Physics in Perspective, ISSN 1422-6944, Vol. 13, no 4, 401-432 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

I argue that research in the basic sciences during the German occupation of Denmark, which began on April 9, 1940, suffered considerably, while research and development in technology enjoyed improved conditions as Danish industry moved toward the requirements of the German wartime economy. Several organizations were created to further Danish- German scientific and cultural collaboration or to manifest Danish cultural identity. The staff of the Danish Technical College and the number of their publications remained largely constant although no papers appeared in British or American journals after 1941. Danish universities massively resisted collaboration and maintained an illusion of "business as usual." At the Niels Bohr Institute, laboratory equipment continued to be constructed and developed and scientists continued to publish in Danish and other Scandinavian journals, although they were increasingly isolated owing to their inability to obtain foreign scientific journals and to correspond with foreign scientists. The Niels Bohr Institute was occupied from December 6, 1943, to February 3, 1944, a surprisingly short period, owing, I argue, to strategic compromises in following incompatible orders from the German army, security police, and civilian administration. Finally, I offer an interpretation of Niels Bohr's vehemently negative reaction to Werner Heisenberg in their meeting in Copenhagen in September 1941.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 13, no 4, 401-432 p.
Keyword [en]
Academy of technical sciences, Arthur von hippel, Carl friedrich von weizsa&die, Carlsberg foundation, Cker, Danish industry, Danish resistance, Danish royal academy of sciences, Danish science, Danish technical college, Danish-german association, Danish-german collaboration, Fritz houtermans, George de hevesy, German occupation of denmark, German scientific institutes, German wartime economy, Günther pancke, Hans christian ørsted, Hans christian andersen, Heinrich himmler, Heisenberg-bohr meeting, History of physics, Kurt diebner, Léon rsenfeld, Niels bohr, Niels bohr institute, Nikolai f.s. grundtvig, Otto hahn, Otto scheel, Rockefeller foundation, Society for dissemination of natural sciences, The danish association, University of copenhagen, Walther gerlach, Werner best, Werner heisenberg
National Category
Natural Sciences History of Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150663DOI: 10.1007/s00016-011-0059-4ISI: 000300353500003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-81155137972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-150663DiVA: diva2:745930
Note

QC 20140911

Available from: 2014-09-11 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2015-10-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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