Effect of sulfur contaminants on MCFC performance
2014 (English)In: International journal of hydrogen energy, ISSN 0360-3199, Vol. 39, no 23, 12242-12250 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC) used as carbon dioxide separation units in integrated fuel cell and conventional power generation can potentially reduce carbon emission from fossil fuel power production. The MCFC can utilize CO2 in combustion flue gas at the cathode as oxidant and concentrate it at the anode through the cell reaction and thereby simplifying capture and storage. However, combustion flue gas often contains sulfur dioxide which, if entering the cathode, causes performance degradation by corrosion and by poisoning of the fuel cell. The effect of contaminating an MCFC with low concentrations of both SO2 at the cathode and H2S at the anode was studied. The poisoning mechanism of SO2 is believed to be that of sulfur transfer through the electrolyte and formation of H2S at the anode. By using a small button cell setup in which the anode and cathode behavior can be studied separately, the anodic poisoning from SO2 in oxidant gas can be directly compared to that of H2S in fuel gas. Measurements were performed with SO2 added to oxidant gas in concentrations up to 24 ppm, both for short-term (90 min) and for long-term (100 h) contaminant exposure. The poisoning effect of H2S was studied for gas compositions with high- and low concentration of H-2 in fuel gas. The H2S was added to the fuel gas stream in concentrations of 1, 2 and 4 ppm. Results show that the effect of SO2 in oxidant gas was significant after 100 h exposure with 8 ppm, and for short-term exposure above 12 ppm. The effect of SO2 was also seen on the anode side, supporting the theory of a sulfur transfer mechanism and H2S poisoning. The effect on anode polarization of H2S in fuel gas was equivalent to that of SO2 in oxidant gas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 39, no 23, 12242-12250 p.
Molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), Performance degradation, SO2, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)
Other Chemical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150925DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.03.068ISI: 000340328800045ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84904768022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-150925DiVA: diva2:746270
QC 201409122014-09-122014-09-112014-10-28Bibliographically approved