The separate and combined effects of hypoxia and sustained recumbency/inactivity on sleep architecture
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 114, no 9, 1973-1981 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objective was to determine the separate and combined effects of hypoxia and inactivity/unloading on sleep architecture during a 10-day period of confinement. Ten subjects participated in three 10-day trials in random order: hypoxic ambulatory (HAMB), hypoxic bedrest (HBR), and normoxic bedrest (NBR). During the HAMB and HBR trials, subjects were confined to a hypoxic facility. The hypoxia profile was: simulated altitude of 2,990 m on day 1, 3,380 m on day 2, and 3,881 m on day 3. In the NBR and HBR trials, subjects maintained a horizontal position throughout the confinement period. During each trial, sleep polysomnography was conducted one night prior to (baseline; altitude of facility is 940 m) and on the first (NT1, altitude 2,990 m) and tenth (NT10, altitude 3,881 m) night of the 10-day intervention. Average time in sleep stage 1 decreased from NT1 to NT10 irrespective of trial. Overall incidence and time spent in periodic breathing increased from NT1 to NT10 in both HAMB and HBR. During NT1, both HAMB and HBR reduced slow-wave sleep and increased light sleep, whereas NBR and HBR increased the number of awakenings/night. There were fewer awakenings during HAMB than NBR. Acute exposure to both hypoxia and bedrest (HBR) results in greater sleep fragmentation due to more awakenings attributed to bedrest, and lighter sleep as a result of reduced slow wave sleep caused by the hypoxic environment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 114, no 9, 1973-1981 p.
Polysomnography, Bedrest, Sleep fragmentation, Altitude, Slow wave sleep, Periodic breathing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150911DOI: 10.1007/s00421-014-2909-7ISI: 000340555800019ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84902040196OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-150911DiVA: diva2:746738
QC 201409152014-09-152014-09-112014-09-15Bibliographically approved