On Combustion in the CNG-Diesel Dual Fuel Engine
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Currently there is a large interest in alternative transport fuels. There are two underlying reasons for this interest: the desire to decrease the environmental impact of transports and the need to compensate for the declining availability of petroleum. In the light of both these factors, the CNG-diesel dual fuelengine is an attractive concept. The primary fuel of the dual fuel engine is methane, which can be derived both from renewables and from fossil sources. Methane from organic waste, commonly referred to as biomethane, can provide a reduction in greenhouse gases unmatched by any other fuel. Furthermore, fossil methane, natural gas, is one of the most abundant fossil fuels.Thedual fuelengine is, from a combustion point of view, a hybridof the diesel and theOtto-engineand it shares characteristics with both.
From a market standpoint, the dual fuel technology is highly desirable; however, from a technical point of view it has proven difficult to realize. The aim of this project was to identify limitations to engine operation, investigate these challenges, and ,as much as possible, suggest remedies. Investigations have been made into emissions formation, nozzle-hole coking, impact of varying in-cylinder air motion, behavior and root causes of pre-ignitions, and the potential of advanced injection strategies and unconventional combustion modes. The findings from each of these investigations have been summarized, and recommendations for the development of a Euro 6 compliant dual fuel engine have been formulated. Two key challenges must be researched further for this development to succeed: an aftertreatment system which allows for low exhaust temperatures must be available, and the root cause of pre-ignitions must be found and eliminated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , x, 98 p.
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2014:08
Research subject Machine Design
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-151188ISBN: 978-91-7595-243-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-151188DiVA: diva2:747001
2014-09-26, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Eichlseder, Helmut, Professor
Ångström, Hans-Erik, Professor
FunderSwedish Energy Agency
QQC 201409152014-09-152014-09-152014-09-15Bibliographically approved
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