Magnetic properties and anisotropic coercivity in nanogranular films of Co/Al2O3 above the percolation limit
2014 (English)In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 47, no 34, 345002- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Magnetic properties of nanogranular ferromagnetic Co/Al2O3 films with 74.5 at% Co, which is above the percolation limit, are investigated. It is established that the films have perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and a weaker in-plane anisotropy. The magnetization curves show that the film consists of two magnetic components: a dominating contribution from magneto-anisotropic isolated grains with the anisotropy axis perpendicular to the film plane and a weaker contribution from the percolated part of the film. This two-component magnetic composition of the films, with the dominating contribution from the nanograins, is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy as well as by ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy. It is further established that the coercive field of the film is almost entirely determined by the percolated part of the film. In this, the angular dependence of the coercive force, H-c(theta(H)), is essentially proportional to sin(-1)theta(H), where theta(H) is the angle between the applied field and the film's normal. However, for theta(H) -> 0, H-c(theta(H)) there is a narrow minimum with H-c approaching zero. Such non-linear dependence agrees well with our modelling results for a two-component magnetic system of the film, where the non-percolated nanograins have a distinct perpendicular anisotropy. The reported results should be important for in-depth characterization and understanding the magnetism and anisotropy in inhomogeneous systems as well as for applications, specifically in perpendicular magnetic recording.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 47, no 34, 345002- p.
granular magnetic films, perpendicular anisotropy, tilted magnetic field, magnetization process, two-component magnetic system, percolation limit
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150514DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/47/34/345002ISI: 000340236700004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84905903927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-150514DiVA: diva2:747100
QC 201409152014-09-152014-09-052014-09-15Bibliographically approved