Impact of Groundwater Flow and Energy Load on Multiple Borehole Heat Exchangers
2014 (English)In: Ground Water, ISSN 0017-467X, E-ISSN 1745-6584Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of array configuration, that is, number, layout, and spacing, on the performance of multiple borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) is generally known under the assumption of fully conductive transport. The effect of groundwater flow on BHE performance is also well established, but most commonly for single BHEs. In multiple-BHE systems the effect of groundwater advection can be more complicated due to the induced thermal interference between the boreholes. To ascertain the influence of groundwater flow and borehole arrangement, this study investigates single- and multi-BHE systems of various configurations. Moreover, the influence of energy load balance is also examined. The results from corresponding cases with and without groundwater flow as well as balanced and unbalanced energy loads are cross-compared. The groundwater flux value, 10−7 m/s, is chosen based on the findings of previous studies on groundwater flow interaction with BHEs and thermal response tests. It is observed that multi-BHE systems with balanced loads are less sensitive to array configuration attributes and groundwater flow, in the long-term. Conversely, multi-BHE systems with unbalanced loads are influenced by borehole array configuration as well as groundwater flow; these effects become more pronounced with time, unlike when the load is balanced. Groundwater flow has more influence on stabilizing loop temperatures, compared to array characteristics. Although borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) systems have a balanced energy load function, preliminary investigation on their efficiency shows a negative impact by groundwater which is due to their dependency on high temperature gradients between the boreholes and surroundings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2014.
Borehole heat exchnager, Energy load, Energy storage, FEFLOW, Groundwater flow, Thermal interference
Energy Systems Geology Geophysics Geosciences, Multidisciplinary Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-151299DOI: 10.1111/gwat.12256OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-151299DiVA: diva2:747549
QP 2014092014-09-172014-09-172014-09-19Bibliographically approved