Aerolastic simulation of wind turbine dynamics
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The work in this thesis deals with the development of an aeroelastic simulation tool for horizontal axis wind turbine applications.
Horizontal axis wind turbines can experience significant time varying aerodynamic loads, potentially causing adverse effects on structures, mechanical components, and power production. The needs for computational and experimental procedures for investigating aeroelastic stability and dynamic response have increased as wind turbines become lighter and more flexible.
A finite element model for simulation of the dynamic response of horizontal axis wind turbines has been developed. The developed model uses the commercial finite element system MSC.Marc, focused on nonlinear design and analysis, to predict the structural response. The aerodynamic model, used to transform the wind flow field to loads on the blades, is a Blade-Element/Momentum model. The aerodynamic code is developed by The Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI, previously named FFA) and is a state-of-the-art code incorporating a number of extensions to the Blade-Element/Momentum formulation. The software SOSIS-W, developed by Teknikgruppen AB was used to generate wind time series for modelling different wind conditions.
The method is general, and different configurations of the structural model and various type of wind conditions can be simulated. The model is primarily intended for use as a research tool when influences of specific dynamic effects are investigated. Verification results are presented and discussed for an extensively tested Danwin 180 kW stall-controlled wind turbine. Code predictions of mechanical loads, fatigue and spectral properties, obtained at different conditions, have been compared with measurements. A comparison is also made between measured and calculated loads for the Tjæreborg 2 MW wind turbine during emergency braking of the rotor. The simulated results correspond well to measured data.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2005. , xvii, 85 p.
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2005:4
Applied mechanics, wind turbine, aeroelastic modelling, rotor aerodynamics, structural dynamics, MSC.Marc
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-157DiVA: diva2:7492
2005-04-08, Sal M3, KTH, Brinellvägen 64, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Hansen, Martin O. L.
QC 201008262005-04-042005-04-042012-03-19Bibliographically approved
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