Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck
2012 (English)In: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 71, no 3, 269-277 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We consider dynamic congestion in an urban setting where trip origins are spatially distributed. All travelers must pass through a downtown bottleneck in order to reach their destination in the CBD. Each traveler chooses departure time to maximize general concave scheduling utility. We find that, at equilibrium, travelers sort according to their distance to the destination; the queue is always unimodal regardless of the spatial distribution of trip origins. We construct a welfare maximizing tolling regime, which eliminates congestion. All travelers located beyond a critical distance from the CBD gain from tolling, even when toll revenues are not redistributed, while nearby travelers lose. We discuss our results in the context of acceptability of tolling policies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 71, no 3, 269-277 p.
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152112DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2011.12.002ISI: 000301610800002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84856088664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-152112DiVA: diva2:749586
QC 201409242014-09-242014-09-232014-09-24Bibliographically approved