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Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS. Tech Univ Denmark, Denmark.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 71, no 3, 269-277 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We consider dynamic congestion in an urban setting where trip origins are spatially distributed. All travelers must pass through a downtown bottleneck in order to reach their destination in the CBD. Each traveler chooses departure time to maximize general concave scheduling utility. We find that, at equilibrium, travelers sort according to their distance to the destination; the queue is always unimodal regardless of the spatial distribution of trip origins. We construct a welfare maximizing tolling regime, which eliminates congestion. All travelers located beyond a critical distance from the CBD gain from tolling, even when toll revenues are not redistributed, while nearby travelers lose. We discuss our results in the context of acceptability of tolling policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 71, no 3, 269-277 p.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152112DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2011.12.002ISI: 000301610800002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84856088664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-152112DiVA: diva2:749586
Note

QC 20140924

Available from: 2014-09-24 Created: 2014-09-23 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf