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Comparing Africa’s Shared River Basins – The Limpopo, Orange, Juba and Shabelle Basins
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2014 (English)In: Universal Journal of Geoscience, ISSN 2331-9615, Vol. 2, no 7, 200-211 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper compares the Limpopo and Orange Rivers in Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Juba and Shabelle Rivers in the Horn of Africa (HoA), which all are internationally shared basins. The aim is to identify differences and similarities between the river basins in the two regions in order to increase our knowledge and understanding of the issue of shared rivers. Relevant data were mainly collected and methods applied include document and literature review, text analysis, interviews with key professional persons during several study visits to the regions. Both the physical geography and the sectoral water uses of the rivers were presented and analyzed. Climatic similarities stand out when comparing the basins, as they are characterized by unevenly distributed rainfall patterns with great seasonal and annual variations, and the regions are water scarce. In both regions, the population is increasing, while the available water resource is decreasing. In all of the four basins, the regions are facing inevitable crisis of water scarcity. The river basins differ however primarily in terms of physical development of rivers’ water resources. The rivers in SADC have been developed for varieties of uses while the rivers in HoA are under-developed and under-utilized. The SADC rivers have established joint institutions for cross-border river cooperation while the HoA rivers have never had any type of river cooperation. Since the rivers have almost similar climatic and physical conditions, the legitimate research question in the future could be: what caused the differences in resource development and cooperation?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Horizon Research Publishing , 2014. Vol. 2, no 7, 200-211 p.
Keyword [en]
Limpopo River, Orange River, Juba River, Shabelle River, SADC, Horn of Africa, Water Resources
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-152351DiVA: diva2:749906
Note

QC 20140926

Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sharing Water in Africa: Comparative Analysis of the Limpopo and Orange-Senqu River Basins in SADC and the Juba and Shabelle River Basins in the Horn of Africa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sharing Water in Africa: Comparative Analysis of the Limpopo and Orange-Senqu River Basins in SADC and the Juba and Shabelle River Basins in the Horn of Africa
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As water resources management becomes increasingly critical and many countries in the arid and semi-arid regions are increasingly forced to consider the possibilities of utilizing the water that is available in international rivers. Thus, the concerns relating to the use of international waters in shared rivers are becoming more important. The increasing competition over shared waters may have to lead either to more joint management and cooperation or to conflicts between basin countries.

The purpose of the thesis work has been to analyze management of shared waters in international river basins with case studies from the Limpopo and the Orange River Basins in Southern African Development Community (SADC) region and the Juba and Shabelle River Basins in the Horn of Africa (HoA) region, focusing on river cooperation. The methodology employed was a comparative case study analysis through literature review, document analysis, interviews, focus groups and study visits.

While similarities in climatic conditions and population growth stand out when comparing the basins in the two regions, the rivers differ primarily in terms of physical development of the water resources and institutional building for cross-border river cooperation. The Limpopo and Orange-Senqu river basins in the SADC region became reason for cooperation and catalyst of regional integration while the Juba and Shabelle river basins in the HoA has the potential to lead its riparian to conflict. The river basins in SADC established and operationalized functional system of river cooperation with both bilateral and multilateral basin-wide frameworks.The analysis concludes that management of water resources in internationally shared river basins is effectively affected by issues other than water. Sharing benefits from the shared waters in international rivers require basin-wide river cooperation. There are variety sets of factors that are of great importance for initiating, establishing and operationalizing river basin cooperation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. ix, 121 p.
Series
TRITA-LWR Report, ISSN 1650-8610 ; 2014:06
Keyword
Shared water, international river basins; river cooperation; water resources; conflicts; SADC and Horn of African regions
National Category
Engineering and Technology Water Engineering
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152519 (URN)978-91-7595-296-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-30, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20141009

Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-09-26 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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