Hot wire and PIV studies of transonic turbulent wall-bounded flows
2003 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
The compressible turbulent boundary layer developing over atwo-dimensional bump which leads to a supersonic pocket with aterminating shock wave has been studied. The measurements havebeen made with hot-wire anemometry and Particle ImageVelocimetry (PIV).
A method to calibrate hot-wire probes in compressible ow hasbeen developed which take into account not only the ow velocitybut also the inuence of the Mach number, stagnation temperatureand uid density. The calibration unit consists of a small jetow facility, where the temperature can be varied. The hot wiresare calibrated in the potential core of the free jet. The jetemanates in a container where the static pressure can becontrolled, and thereby the gas density. The calibration methodwas verfied in the at plate zero pressure gradient turbulentboundary layer in front of the bump at three different Machnumbers, namely 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7. The profiles were alsomeasured at different static pressures in order to see theinuence of varying density. Good agreement between the profilesmeasured at different pressures, as well as with the standardlogarithmic profile was obtained.
The PIV measurements of the boundary layer ow in front ofthe 2D bump showed good agreement with the velocity profilesmeasured with hotwire anemometry. The shock wave boundary layerinteraction was investigated for an inlet Mach number of 0.69.A lambda shock wave was seen on the downstream side of thebump. The velocity on both sides of the shock wave as measuredwith the PIV was in good agreement with theory. The shock wavewas found to cause boundary layer separation, which was seen asa rapid growth of the boundary layer thickness downstream theshock. However, no back ow was seen in the PIV-data, probablybecause the seeding did not give enough particles in theseparated region. The PIV data also showed that the shock wavewas oscillating, i.e. it was moving approximately 5 mm back andforth. This distance corresponds to about five boundary layerthicknesses in terms of the boundary layer upstream theshock.
Descriptors:Fluid mechanics, compressible ow,turbulence, boundary layer, hot-wire anemometry, PIV, shockwave boundary layer interaction, shape factor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Mekanik , 2003. , viii, 67 p.
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2003:05
fluid mechanics, compressible flow, turbulence, boundary layer, hot-wire anemometry, PIV, shock wave boundary layer interaction, shape factor
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-1577ISBN: OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-1577DiVA: diva2:7500
NR 201408052003-08-252003-08-25Bibliographically approved