Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Sharing Water in Africa: Comparative Analysis of the Limpopo and Orange-Senqu River Basins in SADC and the Juba and Shabelle River Basins in the Horn of Africa
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

As water resources management becomes increasingly critical and many countries in the arid and semi-arid regions are increasingly forced to consider the possibilities of utilizing the water that is available in international rivers. Thus, the concerns relating to the use of international waters in shared rivers are becoming more important. The increasing competition over shared waters may have to lead either to more joint management and cooperation or to conflicts between basin countries.

The purpose of the thesis work has been to analyze management of shared waters in international river basins with case studies from the Limpopo and the Orange River Basins in Southern African Development Community (SADC) region and the Juba and Shabelle River Basins in the Horn of Africa (HoA) region, focusing on river cooperation. The methodology employed was a comparative case study analysis through literature review, document analysis, interviews, focus groups and study visits.

While similarities in climatic conditions and population growth stand out when comparing the basins in the two regions, the rivers differ primarily in terms of physical development of the water resources and institutional building for cross-border river cooperation. The Limpopo and Orange-Senqu river basins in the SADC region became reason for cooperation and catalyst of regional integration while the Juba and Shabelle river basins in the HoA has the potential to lead its riparian to conflict. The river basins in SADC established and operationalized functional system of river cooperation with both bilateral and multilateral basin-wide frameworks.The analysis concludes that management of water resources in internationally shared river basins is effectively affected by issues other than water. Sharing benefits from the shared waters in international rivers require basin-wide river cooperation. There are variety sets of factors that are of great importance for initiating, establishing and operationalizing river basin cooperation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , ix, 121 p.
Series
TRITA-LWR Report, ISSN 1650-8610 ; 2014:06
Keyword [en]
Shared water, international river basins; river cooperation; water resources; conflicts; SADC and Horn of African regions
National Category
Engineering and Technology Water Engineering
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152519ISBN: 978-91-7595-296-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-152519DiVA: diva2:750097
Public defence
2014-10-30, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20141009

Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-09-26 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Joint Development and Cooperation in International Water Resources
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Joint Development and Cooperation in International Water Resources
2013 (English)In: International Waters in Southern Africa / [ed] Nakayama, Mikayasu, United Nations University Press, 2013, 209-248 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
United Nations University Press, 2013
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153915 (URN)978-9280810776 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20141009

Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
2. Hydropolitics in the Horn of Africa: Conflicts and Required Cooperation in the Juba and Shabelle River Basins
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hydropolitics in the Horn of Africa: Conflicts and Required Cooperation in the Juba and Shabelle River Basins
2010 (English)In: Shared Waters, Shared Opportunities: Hydropolitics in East Africa, Nairobi: French Institute for Research in Africa , 2010, 37-52 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nairobi: French Institute for Research in Africa, 2010
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153917 (URN)9789987080922 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20141009

Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
3. Managing Shared Basins in the Horn of Africa: Ethiopian Projects on the Juba and Shabelle Rivers and Downstream Effects in Somalia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Shared Basins in the Horn of Africa: Ethiopian Projects on the Juba and Shabelle Rivers and Downstream Effects in Somalia
2013 (English)In: Natural Resources and Conservation, ISSN 2331-6365, Vol. 1, no 2, 35-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
Conflict, Ethiopia, Juba And Shabelle, Kenya River Cooperation, Shared Rivers, Somalia, Water Project
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153921 (URN)10.2495/RBM130121 (DOI)
Note

QC 20141009

Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved
4. Transboundary Water Management in the Limpopo and the Orange-Senqu River Basins of SADC: Bilateral Cooperation in Multilateral Framework
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transboundary Water Management in the Limpopo and the Orange-Senqu River Basins of SADC: Bilateral Cooperation in Multilateral Framework
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153925 (URN)
Note

QS 2014

Available from: 2014-10-09 Created: 2014-10-09 Last updated: 2014-10-09Bibliographically approved
5. Comparing Africa’s Shared River Basins – The Limpopo, Orange, Juba and Shabelle Basins
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparing Africa’s Shared River Basins – The Limpopo, Orange, Juba and Shabelle Basins
2014 (English)In: Universal Journal of Geoscience, ISSN 2331-9615, Vol. 2, no 7, 200-211 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper compares the Limpopo and Orange Rivers in Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Juba and Shabelle Rivers in the Horn of Africa (HoA), which all are internationally shared basins. The aim is to identify differences and similarities between the river basins in the two regions in order to increase our knowledge and understanding of the issue of shared rivers. Relevant data were mainly collected and methods applied include document and literature review, text analysis, interviews with key professional persons during several study visits to the regions. Both the physical geography and the sectoral water uses of the rivers were presented and analyzed. Climatic similarities stand out when comparing the basins, as they are characterized by unevenly distributed rainfall patterns with great seasonal and annual variations, and the regions are water scarce. In both regions, the population is increasing, while the available water resource is decreasing. In all of the four basins, the regions are facing inevitable crisis of water scarcity. The river basins differ however primarily in terms of physical development of rivers’ water resources. The rivers in SADC have been developed for varieties of uses while the rivers in HoA are under-developed and under-utilized. The SADC rivers have established joint institutions for cross-border river cooperation while the HoA rivers have never had any type of river cooperation. Since the rivers have almost similar climatic and physical conditions, the legitimate research question in the future could be: what caused the differences in resource development and cooperation?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Horizon Research Publishing, 2014
Keyword
Limpopo River, Orange River, Juba River, Shabelle River, SADC, Horn of Africa, Water Resources
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152351 (URN)
Note

QC 20140926

Available from: 2014-09-25 Created: 2014-09-25 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

PhD Thesis Elmi(1491 kB)894 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 1491 kBChecksum SHA-512
566bf45dbaa10dd526bbe2be97bb23b36f2f3ef47069488e4767ce097b0e973c421d28bdc476c4d9d0fe09018256367c14112d8dcc44bfb7dd6831e6aa66cb4f
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Elmi Mohamed, Abdullahi
By organisation
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Engineering and TechnologyWater Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 894 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 533 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf