Size-Tunable and Monodisperse Tm3+/Gd3+-Doped Hexagonal NaYbF4 Nanoparticles with Engineered Efficient Near Infrared-to-Near Infrared Upconversion for In Vivo Imaging
2014 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 6, no 16, 13884-13893 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hexagonal NaYbF4:Tm3+ upconversion nanoparticles hold promise for use in high contrast near-infrared-to-near-infrared (NIR-to-NIR) in vitro and in vivo bioirnaging. However, significant hurdles remain in their preparation and control of their morphology and size, as well as in enhancement of their upconversion efficiency. Here, we describe a systematic approach to produce highly controlled hexagonal NaYbF4:Tm3+ nanopartides with superior upconversion. We found that doping appropriate concentrations of trivalent gadolinium (Gd3+) can convert NaYbF4:Tm3+ 0.5% nanopartides with cubic phase and irregular shape into highly monodisperse NaYbF4:Tm3+ 0.5% nanoplates or nanospheres in a pure hexagonal-phase and of tunable size. The intensity and the lifetime of the upconverted NIR luminescence at 800 nm exhibit a direct dependence on the size distribution of the resulting nanopartides, being ascribed to the varied surface-to-volume ratios determined by the different nanoparticle size. Epitaxial growth of a thin NaYF4 shell layer of similar to 2 nm on the similar to 22 nm core of hexagonal NaYbF4:Gd3+ 30%/Tm3+ 0.5% nanoparticles resulted in a dramatic 350 fold NIR upconversion efficiency enhancement, because of effective suppression of surface-related quenching mechanisms. In vivo NIR-to-NIR upconversion imaging was demonstrated using a dispersion of phospholipid-polyethylene glycol (DSPE-PEG)-coated core/shell nanopartides in phosphate buffered saline.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 6, no 16, 13884-13893 p.
bioimaging, core-shell, near-infrared, upconversion nanocrystals
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152576DOI: 10.1021/am503288dISI: 000341122000070ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84906815100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-152576DiVA: diva2:750758
FunderSwedish Energy Agency, 32076-1
QC 201409302014-09-302014-09-292014-09-30Bibliographically approved