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Kinetic study of decomposition of ASR residues after pyrolysis in inert and oxidative atmosphere
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1837-5439
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
2009 (English)In: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) & Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC) Joint Conference 2009: Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, 18 - 21 May 2009, 2009, 465-483 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The kinetic studies on solid residues after pyrolysis from ASR (Automobile Shredder Residue) originated from STENA Metall AB have been performed with the use of thermogravimetry analysis TGA. The char after microwave pyrolysis has been pyrolyzed and combusted in the presence of helium and air respectively. The TG experiments have been performed with heating rate of 10, 20, 40, 60 and 100deg/min. The influence of heating rate for decomposition rate and the char reactivity was also analyzed. Three different decomposition peaks have been identified for pyrolysis process in the range of temperatures 230-430, 400-500 and 680-850°C, respectively. The activation energy (E act) and pre-exponential (frequency) factor (A) were calculated from the DTG curves using Coats and Redfern (C&R) method and Doyle's (D), based on the assumption of an independent, parallel first order Arrhenius-type global kinetic model. The kinetic data were also obtained for small lab scale gasification process of ASR pyrolysis residues. The mass loss and the heating of sample are recorded. It was proved, that the char's heating rate plays a significant role in the conversion rate as well in the char reactivity. The relatively high ignition temperature of 630°C would require the steam temperature to be well above 800°C. Thus, reasonable would be to use high temperature steam gasification for treating ASR residues after microwave pyrolysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. 465-483 p.
Series
Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC), 183 CP
Keyword [en]
Arrhenius, Automobile shredder residue, Char reactivity, Conversion rates, Decomposition rate, First order, Gasification process, Global kinetic models, High temperature, Ignition temperatures, Kinetic data, Kinetic study, Mass loss, Microwave pyrolysis, Oxidative atmosphere, Pyrolysis process, Pyrolysis residue, Solid residues, Steam gasification, Steam temperature, Thermogravimetry analysis, Activation energy, Combustion, Combustors, Gas generators, Gasification, Hazardous materials, Heat treatment, Heating, Heating rate, Helium, Kinetic theory, Microwaves, Pyrolysis, Remelting, Waste treatment, Thermogravimetric analysis
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152774Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-72849116101ISBN: 978-161567183-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-152774DiVA: diva2:751787
Conference
Joint Conference: International Thermal Treatment Technologies (IT3) and Hazardous Waste Combustors (HWC), 18 May 2009 through 21 May 2009, Cincinnati, OH, United States
Note

QC 201401002

Available from: 2014-10-02 Created: 2014-10-01 Last updated: 2014-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Yang, Weihong

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