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Glucose esters as biobased PVC plasticizers
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymer Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7790-8987
2014 (English)In: European Polymer Journal, ISSN 0014-3057, E-ISSN 1873-1945, Vol. 58, 34-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Utilization of glucose, produced by liquefaction of cellulose or other abundant biomass sources, as raw material for production of green plasticizers would offer an attractive alternative to traditional phthalate plasticizers. Three glucose hexanoate esters (GHs) were synthesized by one-step reaction and evaluated as green plasticizers for poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC). The esterification was carried out for three different time periods to obtain plasticizers with different number of hexanoate groups, as the degree of substitution could influence the miscibility between PVC and GHs. A fast and powerful laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (LDI-MS) method was developed to obtain molecular level structural information of the plasticizer structures. All the GHs showed good miscibility with PVC and the GH blends exhibited better mechanical properties, in the form of higher strain at break and lower modulus, as compared to glucose pentaacetate (GPA) and sucrose octaacetate (SOA) blends that were studied in comparison. Altogether the results indicate that the synthesized glucose esters have large potential as green PVC plasticizers and they could be a promising option to overcome the environmental problems caused by phthalate plasticizers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 58, 34-40 p.
Keyword [en]
Biomass; Chlorine compounds; Esterification; Esters; Glucose; Ionization; Mass spectrometry; Plasticizers; Reinforced plastics; Solubility; Solvents; Strain, Degree of substitution; Environmental problems; Glucose ester; Green plasticizers; Laser desorption; Phthalate plasticizers; Structural information; Sucrose octaacetate, Polyvinyl chlorides
National Category
Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152695DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2014.06.008ISI: 000341675400004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84903942738OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-152695DiVA: diva2:751790
Note

QC 20141002

Available from: 2014-10-02 Created: 2014-10-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. LDI-MS strategies for analysis of polymer degradation products, additives and drugs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>LDI-MS strategies for analysis of polymer degradation products, additives and drugs
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The advancement of mass spectrometry (MS) has been and continues to be a prominent analytical technique for highly accurate determination of analytes. The goal of this thesis was to develop new laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometric (LDI-MS) methods for analysis of polymer degradation products, additives and drugs. Modifications in the sample preparation were evaluated in the presence and absence of surface assisting materials. Various nanoparticles were evaluated as effective absorbents for energy transfer in the LDI procedure of the small molecules.

In paper I and II, LDI-MS methods were developed for following the progression of chemical reactions. First, the procedure to optimize microwave assisted hydrothermal degradation products of cellulose were analyzed; second, the synthesis of glucose hexanoate ester plasticizers was monitored as a function of reaction time. The LDI-MS method provided rapid detection for the elucidation of the chemical products and their relative ratios. In contrast, the electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) analysis produced a noisy spectrum primarily containing peaks from salt clusters. A surface assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS) method was developed in paper III enabling the identification of poly(e-caprolactone) and its degradation products by using nanoparticles as the substrate. Similar analysis by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) was not as successful due to convolution of the analyte peaks with clusters released from the matrix. ESI-MS analysis verified the SALDI-MS method as comparable degradation product patterns were observed. Furthermore, the possibility of using polylactide based nanocomposites as surfaces in the analysis of drugs was evaluated in paper IV. An advantage was the ease of handling compared to the use of free nanoparticles. Paper V introduces the potential of direct examination of oxygen plasma modified parylene C surfaces by a LDI-MS methodology. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 57 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2014:33
Keyword
laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (LDI-MS), surface, polymer degradation products, additive, drugs, nanoparticles, nanocomposites
National Category
Polymer Technologies
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152647 (URN)978-91-7595-233-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-24, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Note

QC  20141002

Available from: 2014-10-02 Created: 2014-09-30 Last updated: 2014-10-02Bibliographically approved

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Hakkarainen, Minna

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