Nanofibrillated cellulose originated from birch sawdust after sequential extractions: a promising polymeric material from waste to films
2014 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 21, no 4, 2587-2598 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The residual cellulose of wood processing waste, sawdust, which was leftover after sequential hot-water extraction processes to isolate hemicelluloses and lignin in a novel forest biorefinery concept, was explored as the starting material for preparation of a highly value-added polymeric material, nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) also widely termed as cellulose nanofiber, which has provided an alternative efficient way to upgrade sawdust waste. The residual cellulose in sawdust was converted to a transparent NFC suspension in water through the 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl radical/NaClO/NaBr oxidization approach. The resultant NFC with a dimension of ca. 5 nm in width and hundreds of nanometers in length were further processed into NFC films. The morphological features of the NFC suspension and its films were assessed by transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Highly even dispersion of NFC fibrils in the films originated from sawdust feasibly contributes to the outstanding mechanical performance of the films. NFC suspension with higher carboxylate content and its resultant NFC films were found to show higher transmission of light.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 4, 2587-2598 p.
Nanofibrillated cellulose, Cellulose nanofiber, Sawdust, TEMPO oxidization, Biorefinery
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153273DOI: 10.1007/s10570-014-0321-4ISI: 000341490200036ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84904357914OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-153273DiVA: diva2:752969
QC 201410062014-10-062014-10-032014-10-06Bibliographically approved