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Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study of co-firing of coal and pretreated biomass
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This master thesis describes the co-firing concept, benefits and opportunities of pretreated biomass in pulverized coal boilers for industrial use. Burning fossil fuels, i.e. coal is under immense political pressure as European Union (EU) and other countries are trying to bring down the CO2 emission. Biomass combustion is already a proven technology and it plays a greater role in reducing CO2 emission.

The main objective of this thesis is the brief study of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling to examine the co-firing of greater amount of pretreated biomass and pulverized coal in a 200MWe pulverized coal boiler. Here, we exchange around 50 % of existing fuel in pulverized coal boiler with torrefied biomass. Torrefied biomass aids to increase the efficiency of existing coal boiler and cut down the CO2 emission.

In this work, two cases of co-firing of pretreated biomass and coal have been investigated by CFD. Firstly, an experimental work was done in a laboratory scale to have few different types of torrefied biomass with different degrees of torrefaction. The devolatilization kinetics and char oxidation kinetics were also determined by experiments and other parameters have been calculated. One important aspect of this work has been to evaluate the performance of torrefaction based co-firing. Therefore, co-firing case has been compared to the 100 % coal feed case to understand the performance of torrefaction based co-firing. Furthermore, fluid flow, particles trajectories, heat transfer, and different emission behaviors have been studied.

In addition, mechanisms of corrosion during co-firing have been studied and a guideline has been provided for corrosion model for analyzing the characteristics of alkali metals and their effects in co-firing coal boiler.

The outcome from the CFD simulation indicated that boiler efficiency increases and the net CO2 emission reduced with increasing the biomass percentage in the co-firing system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
Computation fluid dynamics, co-firing, emission, boiler, coal, biomass, torrefied biomass
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-152907OAI: diva2:753671
Subject / course
Energy Technology
Educational program
Master of Science - Innovative Sustainable Energy Engineering
2014-10-26, M131/Sefström, Brinellvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2014-10-27 Created: 2014-10-02 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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