Structure and Properties of Layer-by-Layer Films from Combinations of Cellulose Nanofibers, Polyelectrolytes and Colloids
2014 (English)In: HANDBOOK OF GREEN MATERIALS, VOL 3: SELF - AND DIRECT - ASSEMBLING OF BIONANOMATERIALS, World Scientific, 2014, 57-77 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
The formation of nanometer-thin films of cellulose nanofibers (CNFs), polyelectrolytes, and/or nanoparticles has opened up new possibilities of manufacturing interactive devices with controlled mechanical properties. By controlling the charge of the CNF and the charge and 3D structure of the polyelectrolytes, it is possible to control the buildup, i.e., the thickness, the adsorbed amount, and the immobilized water of layer-by-layer (LbL) films of these materials. The charge balance between the components is not the only factor controlling the LbL formation. The structure of these adsorbed layers in combination with the properties of the constituent components will in turn control how these layers interact with, for example moist air. The mechanical properties of the LbLs can be tuned by combining the high-modulus CNF with different components. This has been shown by using a microbuckling technique where the mechanical properties of ultra-thin films can be measured. In combination with, for example, moisture-sensitive poly(ethylene imine) (PEI), the Young's modulus of CNF/PEI films can be changed by one order of magnitude when the humidity is increased from 0% RH to 50% RH. The incorporation of high-modulus nanoparticles such as SiO2 particles can also be used to prepare LbLs with a higher modulus. Examples are also given where it is shown that the color of an LbL film can be used as a non-contact moisture sensor since the thickness is related to the amount of adsorbed moisture. By chemical modification of the CNF, it is also possible to tailor the interaction between the CNF and multivalent metal ions, enabling a specific interaction between multivalent for example metal surfaces in water and modified CNF.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Scientific, 2014. 57-77 p.
, Materials and Energy, ISSN 2335-6596 ; 5
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153407DOI: 10.1142/9789814566469_0036ISI: 000341089800005ISBN: 978-981-4566-50-6ISBN: 978-981-4566-45-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-153407DiVA: diva2:753982
QC 201410092014-10-092014-10-032014-10-09Bibliographically approved