Screening potential social impacts of fossil fuels and biofuels for vehicles
2014 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 73, 416-426 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The generic social and socioeconomic impacts of various biofuels and fossil fuels were screened by applying Social Life Cycle Assessment methodology. Data were taken from the Social Hotspots Database on all categories for all the related themes and all indicators available. To limit the amount of data, only high and very high risk indicators were considered for each combination. The risks identified per life cycle phase were listed for each fuel assessed and the results were then aggregated by counting the number of high and very high risk indicators for that fuel. All the fossil fuels and biofuels analysed were found to display high or very high risks of negative impacts. Country of origin seemed to be of greater importance for risks than fuel type, as the most risk-related and least risk-related product systems referred to the same type of fuel, fossil oil from Russia/Nigeria and fossil oil from Norway, respectively. These results suggest that in developing policy, strict procurement requirements on social performance should be set for both fossil fuel and biofuel. However, the results must be interpreted with care owing to some limitations in the assessment, such as simplifications to life cycles, method used and data collection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 73, 416-426 p.
Social impacts, Social life cycle assessment, Vehicle fuels, Biofuels, Fossil fuels, Sustainable transport
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-153244DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.05.034ISI: 000341474100038ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84905381026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-153244DiVA: diva2:756128
QC 201410162014-10-162014-10-032014-10-16Bibliographically approved