This is a licentiate thesis in the subject Built EnvironmentAnalysis at the Department of Infrastructure at KTH inStockholm, Sweden. The purpose of the two case studies that aredescribed and discussed here has been to develop environmentalstrategies for two small neighbourhoods from the 1950-60s andto let key persons among managers and residents evaluate theenvironmental strategies. A small neighbourhood is here definedas a residential area with some ten to some houndred householdsthat constitutes a management unit in rental housing or is ahousing cooperative.
The reason why small neighbourhoods are in focus is thatthey according to earlier research might constitute an"opening", a place were the main actors, managers and residentstogether can act for reduced environmental impact. In the studyof two cases, two small neighbourhoods, environmentalstrategies, with different kinds of measures to reduce thenegative environmental impact from the small neighbourhoods areproposed. The proposed measures are supposed to be carried outin connection to planned maintenance measures. Since themaintenance of a small neighbourhood often is planned for thecoming 10-20 years, the environmental strategies also have atime span of 10-20 years. The measures proposed in theenvironmental strategies involve changes in the buildings andtheir surroundings, i.e. solar panels connected to roofmaintenance, changed management routines, i.e. charge ofenvironmentally labelled electricity, measures to influence theresidentshabits, i.e. different kinds ofinformation.
The cases that have been studied are the management unitIdö-Våldö in Stockholm managed by StockholmsKooperativa Bostadsförening and the housing cooperativeJärven managed by the residents with professionalassistance from HSB Malmö.
Another purpose with the case studies has been to identifyand propose measures that might increase the social andtechnical robustness, i.e. reduce vulnerability. In theresearch strategy case study methodology and action researchhave been used, and the data collection methods have beenobservations, interviews, literature studies, focus groupinterviews etc.
The results of the study indicate that there are severalpossibilities to reduce the negative impact of the studiedsmall neighbourhoods. This is probably also the case for othersmall neigbhourhoods in Sweden. The results also indicated thatthere are several obstacles for using the environmentalstrategy as a method to reduce the environmental impact and toincrease the robustness. The main obstacle was the lack ofinterest and resources among the management organisations.Another important obstacle in one of the cases,Idö-Våldö was the lack of long-term maintenanceplanning. The residents´ lack of involvement did also seemto be an obstacle.
Stockholm: Infrastruktur , 2003. , vi, 160 p.