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Assessment of ASR treatment using pyrolysis and reforming of its residences for small scale electricity generation systems
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1837-5439
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2008 (English)In: Air and Waste Management Association, 2008, 717-726 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Due to the increased manufacturing of new vehicles, older ones the so called end-of-life vehicle's (ELV) are being disposed more frequently. The EU ELV directive (entered into force 21/10/2000) sets targets and objectives that must be obeyed by the member states. Under this directive from 01/01/2006 for all ELV, the reuse and recovery rate should be min. 85% (by weight) and min. 80% (by weight) rate of recycling. From 01/01/2015 for all ELV, the reuse and recovery rate should be min. 95% (by weight) and min. 85% (by weight) rate of recycling. Because of the lack of a cost-effective technology to recycle this waste, it is mostly land filled, smaller amounts are incinerated. In this work, basing on the reviewing of the available technological methods, a new thermal treat system for ASR is proposed: Firstly, a microwave pyrolysis of ASR is used. During this pyrolysis process, metals will be successfully recycled, and also generate by-products such as pyrolysis gas, oil, and char. These by-products will be further reformed using high-temperature steam gasification to generate high-purity synthetic gas, which will be used for a small-scale electricity generation system. Energy and mass balance of the whole system will be done. The electricity generation efficiency will be assessed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. 717-726 p.
Series
Air and Waste Management Association - 27th Annual International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies 2008, 2
Keyword [en]
Automobile shredder residue-ASR, Gasification, Pyrolysis, Chemical reactions, Cost effectiveness, Electricity, Gas generators, Heat treatment, Ketones, Metal recovery, Recycling, Remelting, Thermogravimetric analysis, Waste management, Waste treatment, And recoveries, Electricity generations, ELV directives, End of lives, High temperatures, Mass balances, Member states, Microwave pyrolysises, Pyrolysis gasses, Pyrolysis processes, Small scales, Steam gasification], Synthetic gasses, Technological methods, Whole systems, Electric generators
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-154299Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-55849083152ISBN: 9781605603797 (print)ISBN: 9781605603797 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-154299DiVA: diva2:757247
Conference
27th Annual International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies 2008, 12 May 2008 through 16 May 2008, Montreal, QC
Note

QC 20141021

Available from: 2014-10-21 Created: 2014-10-17 Last updated: 2014-10-21Bibliographically approved

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Yang, Weihong

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