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Investigation of the Lock-in behavior of an eccentrically rotating cylinder in regard to turbomachinery application.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Interaction of fluctuating vortex shedding with blade vibration can lead to a new class of aeromechanical instability referred as Non-synchronous vibrations. Investigating a well-known case that shows similar NSV features such as a circular cylinder can develop the understanding of physics behind NSV. A common approach to further investigating the vortex induced vibration is to control the motion of the cylinder and allowing the response of the wake to the motion to be studied in isolation. It has been found very important to carefully match the experimental conditions between free and controlled vibration. Many of research in the field of vortex induced vibration apply a rigid cylinder mounted horizontally and moving transversely to the flow stream as a paradigm for understanding the physics behind this phenomenon. Regarding the difficulties of implementation of vertically moving cylinder in experimental study, vortex dynamic and lock-in behavior of eccentrically rotating cylinder is studied in this M.Sc. Thesis. The main focus of this research is to understand to what extend a general feature of free vortex-induced vibration can be observed in the case of eccentrically rotating cylinder. If the present case captures the essential characteristics of freely oscillating cylinder the results of the forced motion via eccentrically rotating cylinder can be applied to predict the motion of an elastically mounted body. To do so a CFD model is established to predict the response, vorticity structure in near wake, timing of vortex shedding and the range of lock-in region over specific parameter space of the introduced alternative case. A commercial CFD code, Ansys/CFX, was implemented to perform this numerical study. Existences of synchronization region, striking similarity in lift force coefficient and wake mode have been observed in the current study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 78 p.
Keyword [en]
Non-synchronous vibration, Vortex-induced vibration, Oscillating cylinder, Vortex shedding, Fluid-structure interaction
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-154358OAI: diva2:757425
Subject / course
Mechanical Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science - Turbomachinery Aeromechanic University Training
2014-09-23, 15:25 (English)
Available from: 2014-11-10 Created: 2014-10-20 Last updated: 2014-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Master's Thesis(43412 kB)329 downloads
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