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Waste to energy: A source of energy to reduce greenhouse gas in mauritius
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology. University of Mauritius, Faculty of Engineering, Chemical and Environment Engineering, Mauritius .
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1837-5439
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
2008 (English)In: Air and Waste Management Association, 2008, 755-765 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Energy is one of the most basic of human needs and is extremely crucial for continued human development. The global demand for energy is rapidly increasing with increasing human population, urbanization and modernization. The growth in global energy demand is projected to rise sharply over the coming years. The enormous amount of energy being consumed across the world is having adverse implications on the ecosystem of the planet. The world heavily relies on fossil fuels to meet its energy requirements. Fossil fuels are inflicting enormous impacts on the environment. Climatic changes driven by human activities, in particular the production of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), directly impact on the environment. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is regarded as biomass; therefore almost all the carbon dioxide generation from the combustion system should be carbon neutral. Since there are around 1200 tons of MSW generated daily in Mauritius, this can be a good source of energy. The study was, therefore, initiated to assess the amount of GHG being avoided by using MSW as a source of energy. The results showed that that the amount of energy per unit weight that is generated from MSW was 1.85 kWh/kg. The amount of GHG emitted from combustion of MSW was 0.153 kg CO 2/kg MSW. The amount of GHG per unit of electricity generated by the combustion of MSW was 250 g CO 2/ kWh e. It was found that 640 g CO 2/kWh e by replacing coal by MSW and 470 g CO 2/kWh e can be avoided by replacing oil by MSW.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. 755-765 p.
Series
Air and Waste Management Association - 27th Annual International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies 2008, 2
Keyword [en]
Energy, Greenhouse gas, Incineration, Municipal solid waste, Air pollution, Biomass, Carbon dioxide, Climatology, Coal combustion, Combustion, Energy management, Fossil fuels, Fuels, Gas emissions, Gases, Global warming, Greenhouse gases, Greenhouses, Heat treatment, Leakage (fluid), Materials science, Modernization, Renewable energy resources, Smoke, Solid wastes, Thermochemistry, Waste incineration, Waste management, Waste treatment, Carbon neutrals, Climatic changes, Combustion systems, Energy requirements, Global demands, Global energy demands, Greenhouse gas emissions, Greenhouse gasses, Human activities, Human developments, Human needs, Human populations, Mauritius, Municipal solid wastes, Source of energies, Unit weights, Waste to energies, Energy conversion
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-154294Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-55849140575ISBN: 9781605603797 (print)ISBN: 9781605603797 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-154294DiVA: diva2:757705
Conference
27th Annual International Conference on Thermal Treatment Technologies 2008, 12 May 2008 through 16 May 2008, Montreal, QC
Note

QC 20141023

Available from: 2014-10-23 Created: 2014-10-17 Last updated: 2014-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Yang, Weihong

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