Water redispersible cellulose nanofibrils adsorbed with carboxymethyl cellulose
2014 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 21, no 6, 4349-4358 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are difficult to redisperse in water after they have been completely dried due to the irreversible agglomeration of cellulose during drying. Here, we have developed a simple process to prepare water-redispersible dried CNFs by the adsorption of small amounts of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and oven drying. The adsorption of CMC onto CNFs in water suspensions at 22 and 121 °C was studied, and the adsorbed amount of CMC was measured via conductimetric titration. The water-redispersibility of dried CNFs adsorbed with different amounts of CMC was characterized by sedimentation test. Above a critical threshold of CMC adsorption, i.e. 2.3 wt%, the oven dried CNF–CMC sample was fully redispersible in water. The morphology, rheological, and mechanical properties of water-redispersed CNF–CMC samples were investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy, viscosity measurement, and tensile test, respectively. The water-redispersed CNFs preserved the original properties of never dried CNFs. This new method will facilitate the production, transportation and storage, and large-scale industrial applications of CNFs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 6, 4349-4358 p.
Cellulose nanofibrils, Carboxymethyl cellulose, Adsorption, Redispersion
Organic Chemistry Polymer Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155178DOI: 10.1007/s10570-014-0452-7ISI: 000344802700041ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84911998076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-155178DiVA: diva2:760033
QC 201411032014-11-032014-11-032015-01-12Bibliographically approved