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KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Functional Materials, FNM.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8887-9141
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2014 (English)In: NANO, ISSN 1793-2920, Vol. 9, no 6, 1450069- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a noninvasive diagnostic method that provides information on morphological and physiological changes of the internal organs over time. Imaging and measurements can be repeated on the same subject, thereby reducing inter-individual variability effects and hence the number of subjects required. A potential MRI contrast agent consisting of microbubbles embedded with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) in the shell (SPION MBs) was injected intravenously into rats to determine their biodistribution and pharmacokinetics using MR imaging. Agarose phantoms containing SPION MBs were scanned using 3 T MRI to construct a standard curve. Rats were injected with SPION MBs, free SPION or plain MBs and scanned dynamically at 3 T using a clinical MR scanner. The relaxation rate (R2*) was studied over time as a measure of the iron oxide concentrations to enable calculation of the pharmacokinetic parameters. The kinetics of SPION MBs in the liver was fitted to a one-compartment model. Furthermore, the biological fate of SPION MBs was examined via a histological survey of tissue samples using Perls' Prussian blue staining and immunohistochemistry (IHC). 1.2 h after injection of SPION MBs, T2* of the liver had decreased to its minimum. The elimination half-life of SPION MBs was 598.2 +/- 97.3 h, while the half-life for SPION was 222.6 +/- 26.4 h. Moreover, our study showed that SPION MBs were taken up by the macrophages in the lungs, spleen and liver. MBs labeled with SPION can be used for MR imaging. Moreover, MRI is a reliable and noninvasive tool that can be utilized in pharmacokinetic investigations of future contrast agents using SPION MBs and SPION in the rat.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 6, 1450069- p.
Keyword [en]
Magnetic resonance imaging, dynamic MR imaging, microbubbles, SPION, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, pharmacokinetics, biodistribution
National Category
Medical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-154770DOI: 10.1142/S1793292014500696ISI: 000342386800015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84905878066OAI: diva2:760089

QC 20141103

Available from: 2014-11-03 Created: 2014-10-27 Last updated: 2014-11-03Bibliographically approved

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