On the upscaling of chemical transport in fractured rock
2014 (English)In: Water resources research, ISSN 0043-1397, E-ISSN 1944-7973, Vol. 50, no 7, 5797-5816 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The impact of flow heterogeneity on chemical transport from single to multiple fractures is investigated. The emphasis is on the dynamic nature of the specific surface area (SSA) due to heterogeneity of the flow, relative to a purely geometrical definition. The flow-dependent SSA is interpreted probabilistically, following inert tracer particles along individual fractures. Upscaling to a fracture network is proposed as a time domain random walk based on the statistics of SSA for single fractures. Statistics of SSA are investigated for three correlation structures of transmissivity: multi-Gaussian and two non-multi-Gaussian. The mean of SSA stabilizes after similar to 20 fractures at different values depending on whether the cubic or quadratic hydraulic law is assumed. The results are tested against comprehensive DFN simulations based on site-specific data but also against direct estimates from a wider range of tracer tests. The proposed time domain random walk methodology sets bounds for SSA in a 75% confidence interval as similar to 1800 1/m and 27,000 1/m, with a median of 14,000 1/m; these values capture reasonably well both the DFN simulation and tracer test SSA data. Presented results may be particularly relevant when quantifying uncertainty of reactive transport modeling in fractured rock.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 50, no 7, 5797-5816 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155154DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015505ISI: 000342632000024ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84904076862OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-155154DiVA: diva2:760293
QC 201411032014-11-032014-10-312014-11-03Bibliographically approved