Synthesis gas production for GTL applications: Thermodynamic equilibrium approach and potential for carbon formation in a catalytic partial oxidation pre-reformer
2014 (English)In: Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, ISSN 1875-5100, Vol. 20, 175-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The present work is focused on synthesis gas production for Gas to Liquids (GTL.) applications. A thermodynamic equilibrium approach has been chosen in order to address the methane reforming processes in presence of steam and oxygen (i.e. autothermal reforming "ATR" and catalytic partial oxidation "CPO"). The effect of operational variables on the performance of the reforming units has been analyzed at conditions typical for GTL processes. Also, the performance of a synthesis gas generation unit (SGU) comprising a CPO pre-reformer followed by an ATR reactor has been investigated. The potential for carbon formation in the CPO pre-reformer has been evaluated by applying the "equilibrated gas principle". Our results show that synthesis gas production can be strongly influenced by changes in operating variables such as the steam-to-carbon (S/C) and the oxygen-to-carbon (O-2/C) ratios, recycled gas (tail gas) compositions, and operating pressures and temperatures; however, effective operation of the SGU (CPO + ATR) requires an correct combination of these variables in order to accomplish the synthesis gas requirements of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Likewise, it is shown that the risk of carbon formation in the CPO reactor can be reduced or even eliminated by a proper manipulation and combination of such variables.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 20, 175-183 p.
Catalytic partial oxidation, Equilibrated gas principle, GTL applications, Synthesis gas production, Thermodynamic equilibrium
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-154767DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2014.06.021ISI: 000342258100021ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84904318902OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-154767DiVA: diva2:760655
FunderSida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
QC 201411042014-11-042014-10-272015-11-04Bibliographically approved