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Synthesis, characterization, and cellular uptake of magnetic nanocarriers for cancer drug delivery
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 433, 76-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hypothesis: The absence of targetability is the primary inadequacy of conventional chemotherapy. Targeted drug delivery systems are conceptualized to overcome this challenge. We have designed a targetable magnetic nanocarrier consisting of a superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) core and biocompatible and biodegradable poly(sebacic anhydride)-block-methyl ether poly(ethylene glycol) (PSA-mPEG) polymer shell. The idea is that this type of carriers should facilitate the targeting of cancer cells. Experiments: PSA-mPEG was synthesized with poly-condensation and the in vitro degradation rate of the polymer was monitored by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The magnetic nanocarriers were fabricated devoid of any surfactants and were capable of carrying high payload of hydrophobic dye. The successful encapsulation of SPIO within the polymer shell was confirmed by TEM. The results we obtained from measuring the size of SPIO loaded in polymeric NPs (SPIO-PNP) by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and iron content measurement of these particles by ICP-MS, indicate that SPIO is the most suitable carrier for cancer drug delivery applications. Findings: Measuring the hydrodynamic radii of SPIO-PNPs by DLS over one month revealed the high stability of these particles at both body and room temperature. We further investigated the cell viability and cellular uptake of SPIO-PNPs in vitro with MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. We found that SPIO-PNPs induce negligible toxicity within a concentration range of 12 mu g/ml. The TEM micrographs of thin cross-sectioned MDA-MBA-231 cells showed internalization of SPIO-PNPs within size range of 150-200 nm after 24 h. This study has provided a foundation for eventually loading these nanoparticles with anti-cancer drugs for targeted cancer therapy using an external magnetic field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 433, 76-85 p.
Keyword [en]
Magnetic nanoparticles, Drug delivery, Cytotoxicity, Nanocomposites, Nanoprecipitation, Biocompatibility
National Category
Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155142DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2014.07.013ISI: 000342535600010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84905717466OAI: diva2:761081

QC 20141105

Available from: 2014-11-05 Created: 2014-10-31 Last updated: 2014-11-05Bibliographically approved

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Hakkarainen, Minna
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Fibre and Polymer Technology
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