The Path Not Yet Taken: Bilateral Trade Agreements to Promote Sustainable Biofuels Under the EU Renewable Energy Directive
2014 (English)In: The Environmental Law Reporter, ISSN 0046-2284, Vol. 44, no 7, 10607-10629 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The European Union Renewable Energy Directive (EU-RED) established sustainability criteria for biofuels counted under the target of 10% renewable energy for transport. The main approach thus far to certify compliance with the sustainability criteria has been voluntary schemes that are submitted for approval to the European Commission. Scant attention has been paid to the potential role of bilateral agreements in fulfilling the sustainability criteria, which could offer a more strategic approach. This article examines the role and potential applicability and effectiveness of the bilateral option based on Article 18(4) of the EU-RED. Of special interest is the question of how bilateral agreements might provide a more flexible governance mechanism for meeting sustainability criteria in developing countries that export to the EU while also addressing more general land-use policies and cross-sector linkages in natural resource management.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Environmental Law Institute , 2014. Vol. 44, no 7, 10607-10629 p.
Law (excluding Law and Society)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-155714DiVA: diva2:762162
QC 201411122014-11-102014-11-102014-11-11Bibliographically approved