Navigating the transition to sustainable bioenergy in Sweden and Brazil
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Sweden and Brazil have become world leaders in modern bioenergy with respect to research, technology innovation and system implementation. However, there are still underdeveloped bioenergy segments in both countries. In this paper, we use approaches from the transition and innovation literatures to analyse both successes and deficiencies in different end-use segments of the transition to modern bioenergy in Sweden and Brazil. The analysis focuses on the development of socio-technical regimes and identification of innovative approaches that have enabled or hindered transitions in the two countries. We conclude that specific technology options and strategic policies had an important role in orchestrating the transition but the alignment of old established structures and interest groups in agriculture and forestry with industrial actors and policy-makers at national and sub-national scales were key factors for promoting modern bioenergy in the two countries. These findings justify a systemic approach in navigating the bioenergy transition, to meet the multiple and simultaneous interferences that may be caused in established socio-technical regimes within various sectors simultaneously.
bioenergy, ethanol, charcoal, district heating, socio-technical regimes, transition
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject Energy Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155720OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-155720DiVA: diva2:762168
QS 20142014-11-102014-11-102014-11-11Bibliographically approved