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Investigation of the Tunability of the Spin Configuration Inside Exchange Coupled Springs of Hard/Soft Magnets
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF. Vietnam Natl Univ, Vietnam.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Material Physics, MF.
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2014 (English)In: IEEE transactions on magnetics, ISSN 0018-9464, E-ISSN 1941-0069, Vol. 50, no 6, 2004906- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Magnetic multilayer (ML) structures comprising a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) layer coupled to an in-plane magnetic anisotropy (IMA) layer are promising materials for zero/low field operating spin-torque oscillators and bit patterned recording media. The magnetization tilt angle can be easily tuned by varying the IMA layer thickness due to the competition between PMA and IMA layers. To explore the underlying magnetization reversal mechanism and to further understand the control of tilt angle and uniformity of the magnetization, the IMA (NiFe, Co, and CoFeB)/PMA (Co/Pd MLs) exchange spring systems are systematically studied. Experimental data obtained from magnetometry show good agreement with 1-D micromagnetic simulations, allowing us to design tunable exchange coupled spring as a function of IMA thickness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 50, no 6, 2004906- p.
Keyword [en]
Competing magnetic anisotropy, exchange spring, tilted anisotropy materials, tunable magnetization
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155813DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2014.2299976ISI: 000343033900005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84957554152OAI: diva2:763023
1st International Symposium on Frontiers in Materials Science (IS FMS), NOV 17-19, 2013, Hanoi, Vietnam

QC 20141113

Available from: 2014-11-13 Created: 2014-11-13 Last updated: 2016-08-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Magnetodynamics in Spin Valves and Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with Perpendicular and Tilted Anisotropies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Magnetodynamics in Spin Valves and Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with Perpendicular and Tilted Anisotropies
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Spin-torque transfer (STT) effects have brought spintronics ever closer to practical electronic applications, such as MRAM and active broadband microwave spin-torque oscillator (STO), and have emerged as an increasingly attractive field of research in spin dynamics. Utilizing materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) in such applications offers several great advantages such as low-current, low-field operation combined with high thermal stability. The exchange coupling that a PMA thin film exerts on an adjacent in-plane magnetic anisotropy (IMA) layer can tilt the IMA magnetization direction out of plane, thus creating a stack with an effective tilted magnetic anisotropy. The tilt angle can be engineered via both intrinsic material parameters, such as the PMA and the saturation magnetization, and extrinsic parameters, such as the layer thicknesses.

      STOs can be fabricated in one of a number of forms—as a nanocontact opening on a mesa from a deposited pseudospin-valve (PSV) structure, or as a nanopillar etching from magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ)—composed of highly reproducible PMA or predetermined tilted magnetic anisotropy layers.

      All-perpendicular CoFeB MTJ STOs showed high-frequency microwave generation with extremely high current tunability, all achieved at low applied biases. Spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance (ST-FMR) measurements and analysis revealed the bias dependence of spin-torque components, thus promise great potential for direct gate-voltage controlled STOs.

      In all-perpendicular PSV STOs, magnetic droplets were observed underneath the nanocontact area at a low drive current and low applied field. Furthermore, preliminary results for microwave auto-oscillation and droplet solitons were obtained from tilted-polarizer PSV STOs. These are promising and would be worth investigating in further studies of STT driven spin dynamics.

Abstract [sv]

Effekter av spinnvridmoment (STT) har fört spinntroniken allt närmare praktiska elektroniska tillämpningar, såsom MRAM och den spinntroniska mikrovågsoscillatorn (STO), och har blivit ett allt mer attraktivt forskningsområde inom spinndynamik. Användning av material med vinkelrät magnetisk anisotropi (PMA) i sådana tillämpningar erbjuder flera stora fördelar, såsom låg strömförbrukning och funktion vid låga fält i kombination med hög termisk stabilitet. Den utbyteskoppling (”exchange bias”) en PMA-tunnfilm utövar på ett intilliggande skikt med magnetisk anisotropi i planet (IMA) kan få IMA-magnetiseringsriktningen att vridas ut ur planet, vilket ger en materialstack med en effektivt sett lutande magnetisk anisotropi. Lutningsvinkeln kan manipuleras med både inre materialparametrar, såsom PMA och mättningsmagnetisering, och yttre parametrar, såsom skikttjocklekarna.

STO:er kan tillverkas som flera olika typer - som en nanokontaktsöppning på en s.k. mesa av en deponerad pseudospinnventilstruktur (PSV) eller som en nanotråd etsad ur en magnetisk tunnlingsövergång (MTJ) –och bestå av mycket reproducerbar PMA eller av skikt med på förhand bestämt lutning av dess magnetiska anisotropi.

MTJ-STO:er av CoFeB med helt vinkelrät anisotropi visar högfrekvent mikrovågsgenerering med extremt stort frekvensomfång hos strömstyrningen, detta vid låg biasering. Mätning och analys av spinnvridmoments-ferromagnetisk resonans (ST-FMR) avslöjade ett biasberoende hos spinnvridmomentskomponenter, vilket indikerar en stor potential för direkt gate-spänningsstyrda STO:er.

I helt vinkelräta PSV-STO:er observerades magnetiska droppar under nanokontaktområdet vid låg drivström och lågt pålagt fält. Dessutom erhölls preliminära resultat av mikrovågssjälvsvängning och av s.k. ”droplet solitons” hos PSV-STO:er med lutande polarisator. Dessa är lovande och skulle vara värda att undersökas i ytterligare studier av STT-driven spinndynamik.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2016. 83 p.
TRITA-ICT, 2016:21
perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, tilted-polarizer, spintronics, STT, MTJ, pseudospin-valve, STO, ST-FMR, magnonics, magnetic droplet, droplet nucleation, droplet annihilation, vinkelrät magnetisk anisotropi, lutande polarisator, spinntronik, STT, MTJ, pseudospinnventil, STO, ST-FMR, magnonics, magnetisk droppe, nukleering av droppe, anihilering av droppe.
National Category
Nano Technology Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-191176 (URN)978-91-7729-072-8 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Public defence
2016-09-30, Sal C, Electrum, Kungl Tekniska högskolan, Kistagången 16, Kista, 13:00 (English)

QC 20160829

Available from: 2016-08-29 Created: 2016-08-24 Last updated: 2016-08-29Bibliographically approved

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