Dealing with outliers and censored values in multi-element geochemical data: a visualization approach using XmdvTool
2005 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 20, no 2, 341-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dealing with geochemical data also means coping with their underlying limitations that are related to sampling, analytical techniques, and other characteristics of the data. This paper discusses the issue of data cleaning, using a regional geochemical dataset of 6 heavy metals in glacial till. Interactive data manipulation techniques provided in the freeware visualization system XmdvTool were used for exploring both metal concentrations reported as under the detection limit, and high or extreme values (outliers) in the dataset. The proposed integrated visual evaluation (IVE) approach for selective removal of outliers outperformed simple removal of the highest concentrations of metals, showing that existing spatial multi-element fingerprints in data could be recognized and preserved by IVE. The uniqueness of visualization is in simultaneous display of both multivariate and spatial information. Being simple and interactive, integrated visual evaluation can be recommended as a valuable complementary tool in cleaning and analysing multielement geochernical data.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 20, no 2, 341-352 p.
Chemical cleaning, Concentration (process), Data reduction, Heavy metals
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5028DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.08.006ISI: 000227045100009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-12344311443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5028DiVA: diva2:7635
QC 201006092005-04-182005-04-182010-09-07Bibliographically approved