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Removal of natural organic matter by conventional and enhanced coagulation in Nicaragua
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8241-2225
2007 (English)In: Water Resources Management IV, WIT Press, 2007, Vol. 103, 399-409 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Enhanced coagulation was applied to raw water from a drinking water plant in Nicaragua through bench scale jar test in order to reduce the presence of natural organic matter (NOM) and decrease the trihalomethanes (THMs) formation which has been linked to carcinogenic diseases. Due to the lack of information about the presence of chlorination by-products (CBPs) like trihalomethanes, a study of their formation by varying pH, contact time, temperature and chlorine dose was also performed; following conventional or enhanced coagulation treatment. The results show that enhanced coagulation decreases considerably the formation of THMs because it reduces strongly the presence of organic matter due to the fact that higher alum doses were used in comparison with conventional coagulation utilized at the facility. The removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was improved from 44 at the facility to 67 with enhanced coagulation. Trihalomethanes concentration increases drastically when extreme conditions of the four parameters evaluated were applied exceeding the maximum contaminant levels of USEPA (80 g/L) but not the Nicaraguan target value (460 g/L) for both coagulation types.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WIT Press, 2007. Vol. 103, 399-409 p.
, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, ISSN 1746-448X ; 103
Keyword [en]
Enhanced coagulation, Fulvic acid, Humic acid, Natural organic matter, SUVA, Trihalomethanes
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155221DOI: 10.2495/WRM070381ISI: 000247298100038ScopusID: 2-s2.0-38849182239ISBN: 978-184564074-3OAI: diva2:763873
4th International Conference on Sustainable Water Resources Management; Kos; Greece; 21 May 2007 through 23 May 2007

QC 20141117

Available from: 2014-11-17 Created: 2014-11-04 Last updated: 2014-11-17Bibliographically approved

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