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A study of heat transfer from cylinders in turbulent flows by using thermochromic liquid crystals
KTH, Superseded Departments, Mechanics.
2004 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

In gas quenching, metal parts are rapidly cooled from hightemperatures, and the convection heat transfer coefficientdistributions are of importance for the hardness and thedistortion (the shape nonuniformities) of the quenched parts.Thermochromic liquid crystals (TLC) and a thin foil techniques,were investi- gated and used for studies of a circular cylinderin axial flows, affected and not affected by upstream owmodifying inserts. Quadratic prisms in cross ows were alsostudied, a single prism, two prisms arranged in-line, and forfour prisms arranged in a square pattern. In this study,particle image velocime- try (PIV) was used for visualizationof the flow, giving physical insight to the convection heattransfer data. Further, relations of the typeNu=CReewere established. The TLC and thin foil techniques werealso used to indicate the dimensions of separated flowregions.

Descriptors:Fluid mechanics, wind-tunnel, turbulence,gas quenching, con- vection heat transfer, thermochromic liquidcrystals, calibration, temperature measurement errors, thinfoils, particle image velocimetry, cylinder in axial flow, flowmodifying inserts, quadratic prisms in cross flow

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Mekanik , 2004. , viii, 16 p.
Trita-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2004:01
Keyword [en]
Fluid mechanics, convection heat transfer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-1695OAI: diva2:7645
Available from: 2004-02-18 Created: 2004-02-18 Last updated: 2012-03-22

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