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Lower estimates for the number of closed trajectories of generalized billiardsPrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_some",{id:"formSmash:some",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_some",multiple:true}); PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_all",{id:"formSmash:all",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_all",multiple:true});
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2006 (English)In: Journal of Mathematical Sciences, ISSN 1072-3374, Vol. 138, no 3, p. 5691-5698Article in journal (Refereed) Published
##### Abstract [en]

##### Place, publisher, year, edition, pages

2006. Vol. 138, no 3, p. 5691-5698
##### National Category

Mathematics
##### Identifiers

URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-155987DOI: 10.1007/s10958-006-0337-xScopus ID: 2-s2.0-33748659661OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-155987DiVA, id: diva2:765864
#####

PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt451",{id:"formSmash:j_idt451",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt451",multiple:true});
#####

PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt457",{id:"formSmash:j_idt457",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt457",multiple:true});
#####

PrimeFaces.cw("AccordionPanel","widget_formSmash_j_idt463",{id:"formSmash:j_idt463",widgetVar:"widget_formSmash_j_idt463",multiple:true});
##### Note

The mathematical study of periodic billiard trajectories is a classical question that goes back to George Birkhoff. A billiard is the motion of a particle in the absence of field of force. Trajectories of such a particle are geodesics. A billiard ball rebounds from the boundary of a given domain making the angle of incidence equal the angle of reflection. Let k be a fixed integer. Birkhoff proved a lower estimate for the number of closed billiard trajectories of length k in an arbitrary plane domain. We give a general definition of a closed billiard trajectory when the billiard ball rebounds from a submanifold of a Euclidean space. Besides, we show how in this case one can apply the Morse inequalities using the natural symmetry (a closed polygon may be considered starting at any of its vertices and with the reversed direction). Finally, we prove the following estimate. Let M be a smooth closed m-dimensional submanifold of a Euclidean space, and let p > 2 be a prime integer. Then M has at least (B - 1)((B - 1)p - 1- 1)/2p+mB/2(p-1) closed billiard trajectories of length p.

QC 20141125

Available from: 2014-11-25 Created: 2014-11-17 Last updated: 2015-10-13Bibliographically approved
doi
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