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Comparing two approaches to context: Realism and constructivism
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Computer and Systems Sciences, DSV.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0002-4825
2005 (English)In: Critical Computing - Between Sense and Sensibility: Proceedings of the 4th Decennial Aarhus Conference, 2005, 195-198 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

During the last few years, there have been debates over what is context and how computers should act upon it. Two disparate camps of thought can be recognized. First, Realism, having its roots in natural sciences, believes that contexts exist out there and that, if properly instrumented and programmed, computers can correctly recognize and adapt to them. Second, Constructivism, having its roots in human and social sciences, believes that contexts are human creations, mental and social, and that computers ought to provide resources for managing them. We reveal some fundamental differences between the two in three different application domains. We show that despite the deep-going controversies, both camps benefit from considering the alternative approach and a middle ground can be found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. 195-198 p.
Keyword [en]
constructivism, context, context-awareneness, ethnomethodology, realism, social navigation, ubiquitous computing, Alternative approach, Application domains, Navigation
National Category
Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-156291DOI: 10.1145/1094562.1094597ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70350253298ISBN: 1595932038ISBN: 9781595932037OAI: diva2:766828
4th Decennial Aarhus Conference on Critical Computing - Between Sense and Sensibility, 20 August 2005 through 24 August 2005, Aarhus, Denmark

QC 20141128

Available from: 2014-11-28 Created: 2014-11-26 Last updated: 2015-01-20Bibliographically approved

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Höök, Kristina
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ReferencesLink to record
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