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Preparation of carbon adsorbents from lignosulfonate by phosphoric acid activation for the adsorption of metal ions
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2900-4713
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2014 (English)In: Carbon, ISSN 0008-6223, E-ISSN 1873-3891, Vol. 80, 771-783 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Activated carbons were prepared from sodium lignosulfonate by phosphoric acid activation at carbonization temperatures of 400-1000 degrees C. The resulting materials were characterized with regard to their surface area, pore volume, pore size distribution, distribution of surface groups and ability to adsorb copper ions. Activated carbons were characterized by nitrogen adsorption, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermal gravimetric analyses. The results indicate that with increasing carbonization temperature, the surface area decreased from 770 m(2)/g at 400 degrees C to 180 m(2)/g at 700 degrees C and increased at higher temperatures to 1370 m(2)/g at 1000 degrees C. The phosphorus content peaked at 11% for carbon obtained by carbonization at 800 degrees C. Potentiometric titration revealed the acidic character of all the phosphoric acid-activated carbons, which were found to have total concentrations of surface groups of up to 3.3 mmol/g. The carbons showed a high adsorption capacity for copper ions even at pH values as low as 2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 80, 771-783 p.
Keyword [en]
Chemical Activation, Surface-Chemistry, H3po4 Activation, Kraft Lignin, Technical Lignins, Functional-Groups, Oxidation, Binding, Inhibition, Pyrolysis
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157029DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2014.09.032ISI: 000344132400083Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84920499483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-157029DiVA: diva2:768728
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

QC 20141204

Available from: 2014-12-04 Created: 2014-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Lindström, Mikael E.

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