Determination of diffusion coefficients of BF4- inside carbon nanopores using the single particle microelectrode technique
2006 (English)In: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 0022-0728, Vol. 586, no 2, 247-259 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The electrochemical and mass transport properties of TEABF(4) in a nanoporous (NP) carbon material, obtained from silicon carbide, was studied using single particles and a microelectrode technique. The carbon particles of size 100-200 mu m were studied by cyclic voltammetry and potential step measurements. The effective diffusion coefficients (D-eff) were calculated starting from the asymptotic solutions of Fick's second law for short and long time regions. The results show that cycling at low sweep rates was needed in order for the electrolyte to penetrate the inner porosity of the particles. The carbon material showed different electrochemical and mass transport properties depending on the applied potential. At negative polarisation, the results suggest that TEA(+) was adsorbed on the pore wall, however, being transported very slowly inside the pores. The average D-eff after cycling at both positive and negative potentials was 1.1(+/- 0.4) x 10(-8) cm(2) s(-1), using the Cottrell relation and 1.5(+/- 0.6) x 10(-8) cm(2) s(-1), using the radial diffusion solution. The average value of D-eff after cycling at negative potentials was 1.7(+/- 0.6) x 10(-8) cm(2) s(-1) using both mathematical solutions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 586, no 2, 247-259 p.
single particle, Cottrell, double layer, nanoporous carbon, diffusion coefficient, supercapacitor
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-5043DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2005.09.026ISI: 000233828800013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-28144449940OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-5043DiVA: diva2:7693