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Observed changes and variability of atmospheric parameters in the Baltic Sea region during the last 200 years
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics, Turbulence. Institute for Coastal Research, Germany .
2014 (English)In: Climate Research (CR), ISSN 0936-577X, E-ISSN 1616-1572, Vol. 61, no 2, 177-190 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe and exhibits significant climate variability, with influence of air masses from arctic to subtropical origin. By updating and discussing results described in the framework of the BACC project (BALTEX Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin), this study presents observed changes in atmospheric parameters during the last 200 yr. Circulation patterns show large decadal variability with a northward shift of storm tracks and increased cyclonic activity in recent decades with increased persistence of weather types. However, the wind climate shows no robust long-term trends, and is dominated by pronounced (multi-)decadal variability. Near-surface temperatures show continued warming, in particular during spring and winter; this is stronger over northern regions. Up to this point, no long-term trends are detectable for precipitation, although some regional indications exist for an increased length of precipitation periods, and possibly an increased risk of extreme precipitation events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 61, no 2, 177-190 p.
Keyword [en]
Climate change, Climate variability, Baltic Sea region, Observations, Historical climate
National Category
Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-157226DOI: 10.3354/cr01244ISI: 000343963700006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84907981628OAI: diva2:769780

QC 20141209

Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-08 Last updated: 2014-12-09Bibliographically approved

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